Goodbye to Some of the Notable People in the Arts and Popular Culture Who Left Us in 2010
On the last day of the year, we would like to say goodbye to those artists who left us this past year. Here, a roll call of some of the notable people in art and popular culture who died in 2010.
On the last day of the year, we would like to say goodbye to those artists who left us this past year. Here, a roll call of some of the notable people in art and popular culture who died in 2010.
Marlene Neubauer-Woerner, born Marlene Woerner (August 25, 1918 – January 1, 2010), was a German sculptor. She was born in Landshut, Germany.
In 1932, after the death of both parents, she attended the state school for ceramics in Landshut and completed her Master's degree in ceramics when she was only 17 years old. She began her studies of sculpture in 1936 at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich under the guidance of Josef Henselmann and Richard Knecht. At the academy she was the first woman to study sculpture for use with public buildings. Since 1945 Marlene Neubauer-Woerner has lived and worked as a freelance sculptor, based in Munich. From 1952 she has been a member of the Sezession, an association of artists in Munich and from 1958 a member of GEDOK, a German group of women artists. In 1978 she was honoured with the Schwabinger Kunstpreis (Art Prize) and in 1984 she received the Bavarian Order of Merit. She was a guest of honour at the Villa Massimo, Rome, in 1987. The cities of Cologne, Vienna, Paris and Athens have honoured her with their medals. She died on January 1, 2010 in Munich.
Between 1949 and 1989 she exhibited her sculptures at the annual Haus der Kunst in Munich. She has had individual exhibitions at the Münchner Residenz and in the city hall of Landshut. In addition she has participated in exhibitions in major European cities (Musee d′Art Moderne in Paris, Zappion in Athens, Palazzo Nazionale in Rome, Palais Palffi in Vienna)
Richard Kindleberger (1943 – January 1, 2010) was an American newspaper reporter and editor who worked at the Boston Globe.
Richard Kindleberger was born in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1943, and raised in Lincoln, Massachusetts. He had one sister and two brothers. His father, Charles P. Kindleberger, was an economist at M.I.T. and an architect of the Marshall Plan. In 1960, Richard graduated from Lincoln-Sudbury Regional High School. He developed an interest for languages and learned Russian, French, German, and Spanish.
After graduating from Cornell University in 1967, he began to work as a reporter at the Worcester Evening Gazette for almost 3 years. Kindleberger later received a master’s degree in Russian literature.
Kindleberger was hired by the Boston Globe, where he began working as an environmental reporter and a copy editor beginning in 1972. He joined a spotlight team and had to help investigate reports on abuse in the Massachusetts civil service system and the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard. He explained to readers that civil service problems were transcended examples from workers that had political connections.
Murray Wachs, better known as Bingo Gazingo (June 2, 1924 – January 1, 2010), was an elderly poet and former postal worker from New York City. Two versions, each also titled Bingo Gazingo, have been released of the only single-artist album ever released by WFMU -- the first on cassette, the second on CD. (Among other changes, the CD replaced Ravel's with an improvised bolero as accompaniment to "Bingo's Bolero".)
The album consists of Bingo's reading his poems to an improvised musical accompaniment by WFMU DJs R. Stevie Moore, Bob Brainen, Dennis Diken, Dave Amels, Chris Bolger and Chris Butler, and engineered by Amels. Often, while performing live, the background music to his frantic, poetic incantations is nothing more than a cassette tape inserted into a cheap cigar-box tape recorder and miked.
Bingo's poetry often contain hilarious rhyme schemes, extended stream-of-consciousness rambling, and crude language, with titles like "Up Your Jurassic Park" and "I Love You So Fucking Much I Can't Shit". In the past he has penned hyper-caffeinated odes to Madonna, Tupac Shakur, and Beavis and Butthead, and had his "Everything's O.K. at the O.K. Corral" (a dreamy remniscence of the cowboy movie serials by an old nurse-attended man) featured on a 1996 CD produced by the famed Greenwich Village coffeehouse Fast Folk Cafe.
Bingo was accompanied and interpreted by My Robot Friend performing his "You're Out of the Computer" at the Outsider Music Festival at Time Cafe (downstairs from Fez) in New York City and, according to what My Robot Friend said there, also at appearances in Europe.
Bingo Gazingo recorded for GRANDGOOD in May 2003 in Centerport, Long Island. Versions of 'Everyday I Leave $10 On The Table', 'J-Lo', and 'OK Corral' were recorded. 'Everynight Man', 'Old Man River', and 'Freey Zeeky' were also recorded. Mat Young (dj rpm, Bully Records) remixed a few of the recordings in 2003/2004. These recording sessions and remixes are yet to be released.
John H. Freeman (December 14, 1916 – January 1, 2010) was a character animator for Disney, Marvel Studios and others.He was born in Spokane, Washington.
Freeman worked as an animator for Disney for a total of 16 years beginning at the age of 22. He also worked with Marvel Studios and directed several After School Specials for ABC. As an animator, story director and often the animator director he worked on projects such as "Fantasia," “Lady And The Tramp,” “Peter Pan,” “My Little Pony ‘n Friends” “G.I. Joe,” “Transformers” and more.
Michael Dwyer (2 May 1951 – 1 January 2010)[ was an Irish journalist and film critic who wrote for The Irish Times for more than 20 years. He was previously in this role for the Sunday Tribune, the Sunday Press and the magazine In Dublin.
Dwyer was central to the foundation of two film festivals in Dublin and served on the board of the Irish Museum of Modern Art until shortly before his death. He appeared often on the country's top radio shows, Morning Ireland and The Marian Finucane Show.
He died after an illness on 1 January 2010.
Jean Carroll (January 7, 1911 – January 1, 2010) was an American actress and comedienne during the 1950s and 1960s.
Carroll was born as Celine Zeigman on January 7, 1911 in Paris, France She began her career as part of the comedy dance team Carroll and Howe, with her husband, vaudevillian Buddy Howe, who later became her manager. She appeared on the Ed Sullivan Show more than 20 times and had her own short-lived sitcom, The Jean Carroll Show (or Take It From Me), which aired for one season in (1953-1954).
In November 2006, she was honored with an evening at the Friar's Club in New York City, the emcee was Joy Behar and the main speaker was Lily Tomlin. In 2007, Carroll was featured in the Off-Broadway production The J.A.P. Show: Jewish American Princesses of Comedy, which includes live standup routines by four female Jewish comics juxtaposed with the stories of legendary performers from the 1950s and 1960s, Belle Barth, Pearl Williams and Betty Walker, Totie Fields, and Carroll herself. She was later featured in 2009 in the P.B.S. documentary, Make 'em Laugh.
She died on January 1, 2010 in White Plains, New York, six days before her 99th birthday.
Gary "Tex" Brockette (September 13, 1947 – January 1, 2010) was an American actor, assistant director, writer and co-producer. He was born in Denton, Texas. Gary Brockette began his career working as an actor in New York. He played the role of Bobby Sheen in 1971's The Last Picture Show and Frank Cameron in Encounter with the Unknown. As a character actor, he made guest appearances on such television shows as Trapper John, M.D. and Charlie's Angels. He appeared in the 1984 movie, The Philadelphia Experiment. He also wrote, directed, and edited a short film called Deceit in 2009.
Rajendra Keshavlal Shah (January 28, 1913 – January 2, 2010) was a lyrical poet who wrote in Gujarati. Born in Kapadvanaj, he authored more than 20 collections of poems and songs, mainly on the themes of the beauty of nature, and about the everyday lives of indigenous peoples and fisherfolk communities. In his poems using Sanskrit metrics, he was influenced by Rabindranath Tagore.He was one of the giants of post Gandhi-era called 'Anu-Gandhi Yug' in Gujarati literature.
Among his various professions, Shah was also a printer in Mumbai, where he launched the poetry magazine Kavilok. The press itself became an important Sunday meeting-place for Gujarati poets. Apart from writing poetry, Shah also translated into Gujarati Tagore's poetry collection Balaaka; Jayadeva's Gita Govinda; Coleridge's The Rime of the Ancient Mariner; and Dante's The Divine Comedy.
Shah won the Jnanpith — the Indian government's most prestigious literary prize — for the year 2001. The judges noted, "his intensity of emotion and innovation in form and expression which set him apart as a poet of great significance. The mystical tone of his poetry stems from the tradition of great medieval masters like Kabir, Narsinh Mehta and literary giants like them".
Tibet, the pseudonym of Gilbert Gascard (29 October 1931 – 3 January 2010), was a French comics artist and writer in the Franco-Belgian comics genre. Since his debut in 1947, Tibet is known for work produced for the comics magazine Tintin, most notably the long-running series Ric Hochet and Chick Bill.
Isak Rogde (1947 – 3 January 2010) was a Norwegian translator.
He was born in Senja, enrolled in the University of Oslo in 1968, and graduated with the cand.mag. degree in 1972. He worked as a teacher, and also lectured in the Norwegian language at the University of Moscow. He translated about 150 books to Norwegian, especially from Russian. For this he was awarded the Bastian Prize in 1989.
Moti Nandi(Bengali: [10 July 1931 - 3 January 2010] is a Bengali writer based in Kolkata, India. He was born in Kolkata in 1931. He was an alumnus of the University of Calcutta. He died in 2010.
Moti Nandi was a sports journalist and worked as a sports editor in Anandabazar Patrika. He was awarded the Lifetime Achievement award (2008) at a glittering ceremony to mark the grand finale of the maiden edition of the Excellence in Journalism Awards. In his novels, he is noted for his depiction of sporting events and many of his protagonists are sports-persons. His first short story was published in Desh weekly on 1957. His story for Pujabarshiki was in Parichoy Magazine on 1985. The character Kolaboti from his novels is popular among the younger audience.
Barry Blair (1954 – January 3, 2010) was a Canadian artist and writer, known for launching Aircel Comics (publisher of titles such as Samurai, Elflord, Dragonforce, and Men in Black) in the 1980s.
Blair was born in Ottawa, Ontario, but spent his childhood from age 9 onward moving back and forth between Canada and Taiwan, Hong Kong, Thailand, Burma, Cambodia, and Viet Nam. He attended Carleton University in Ottawa but was expelled. Some of Blair's first professional work was animation for the children's television series You Can't Do That on Television and the science show Let Me Prove It.
From his early work, Blair's style showed a definite influence from manga at a time when Asian comics were largely unknown in North America. His art – including the erotica which became his main focus later in his career – was typically characterized by childlike figures with sexual attributes, which was a common criticism of his work.
Hywel Teifi Edwards (15 October 1934 – 4 January 2010), was a Welsh academic and historian, a prominent Welsh nationalist, a broadcaster and an author in the Welsh language. He was the father of the BBC journalist Huw Edwards.
Born and raised in Llanddewi Aber-arth, Ceredigion, Edwards attended Aberaeron Grammar School and the University College of Wales, Aberystwyth. He taught Welsh at Garw Grammar School, Pontycymmer, where he met his wife Aerona, before becoming an extramural lecturer in Welsh literature at University of Wales, Swansea, and later Professor and Head of the Welsh Department. He retired from full-time teaching in 1995 but continued to lecture and write books. Edwards was the leading authority on the history of the National Eisteddfod of Wales.
He stood twice for Plaid Cymru as a parliamentary candidate, in Llanelli in 1983 and Carmarthen in 1987. He represented Llangennech on Dyfed County Council for 14 years from 1977, and served for over 30 years as a Plaid Cymru member of Llangennech Community Council.
Paul Ahyi (January 15, 1930 – January 4, 2010) was a Togolese artist, sculptor, architect, painter, interior designer and author. Ahyi is credited with designing of the flag of Togo.
Ahyi was known for his massive outdoor artworks, reliefs and sculptures, including his contributions to the Independence Monument in Lomé, which commemorates the country's independence from France. Other outdoor sculptures and statues by Ahyi can be found on buildings and in parks throughout Togo, as well as the Vatican, Senegal, Benin, C?te d’Ivoire, Nigeria and South Korea.
He also created his pieces using a wide array of mediums including jewelry, pottery, ceramics and tapestries. He was also an interior designer who created household objects and art pieces.
Kenneth Noland (April 10, 1924 – January 5, 2010) was an American abstract painter. He was one of the best-known American Color field painters, although in the 1950s he was thought of as an abstract expressionist and in the early 1960s he was thought of as a minimalist painter. Noland helped establish the Washington Color School movement. In 1977 he was honored by a major retrospective at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, in New York that then traveled to the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington, DC. and the Toledo Museum of Art, in Ohio in 1978. In 2006 Noland's Stripe Paintings were exhibited at the Tate in London.
Bernard Le Nail (February 1946 – 5 January 2010) was a French writer and Breton militant. After studying commerce in Paris, he headed the promotional office of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry in Nantes. In 1979 he became Secretary General of the Comité d'Etude et de Liaison des Intérêts Bretons (CELIB) at Lanester. Between 1983 and 2000 he was director of the Cultural Institute of Brittany and had an important role in the conception and publication of the collection Les Bretons au-delà des mers : Explorateurs et grands voyageurs (Quimper, Ed. Nouvelles du Finistère, 1996). He was also involved in the conception and publication of the following works: 500 Bretons à conna?tre (Ancre de Marine, 1989), revising the Guide Bleu Bretagne (Hachette, 1991), Guides Gallimard Bretagne, Les noms qui ont fait l’histoire de Bretagne (Coop Breizh/ICB, 1997), Dictionnaire des femmes en Bretagne (UTL/Coop Breizh, 1999), La Bretagne entre Armor et Argoat (Reader’s Digest, 1999).
On 12 November 1999 Le Nail was accused by the French communist newspaper L'Humanité of being a former activist of the Breton separatist organisation the Front de Libération de la Bretagne (FLB) Liberation Front of Brittany. He strenuously denied this accusation, but made no apologies for his defence of Breton culture and language in the face of the highly centralised French state. Several organisations also objected to local councils in Brittany disseminating free of charge, in schools, his and his wife Jacqueline's Dictionnaire des romanciers de Bretagne (Keltia Graphic, 1999), dealing with Breton novelists. Under his own name and under the pseudonym Joseph Bréhier, Le Nail also published numerous articles in newspapers and journals on Breton historical and cultural issues.
In 2001 Le Nail established the publishing house 'Les Portes du large' which specialised in accounts of Breton voyagers and explorers, travelers in Brittany and studies of Breton relations with other Celtic countries.
Bernard Le Nail had a significant role in increasing knowledge of Breton explorers of the coast of Australia, as publisher of Philippe Godard's and Tugdual de Kerros' book on Louis de Saint Aloüarn (2002). In 2008 (issue 045), Le Courrier Australien reported that Editions Les Portes du Large was about to publish a French translation of a biography of Marc-Joseph Marion Dufresne by Australian historian Edward Duyker.
Jim Rimmer (April 1, 1934 – January 9, 2010) was a Canadian graphic designer, letterpress printer, proprietor of the Pie Tree Press and is especially notable as a designer of typefaces.
Rimmer was born and raised in Vancouver, Canada. He attended Vancouver Technical School, "which gave an introduction to metal type and presses through the school's large printing trade shop." After an apprenticeship he began a long period of working with type and design for newspaper publication and printing, all in British Columbia. Rimmer attended evening classes to study graphic design at Vancouver School of Art. "During his freelance years he worked on projects for the major agencies and design studios in Vancouver, for corporations, airlines, mining and forestry companies. A large part of his work entailed letter design and lettering projects."  Along with his long career as a designer, Rimmer taught at several colleges including Capilano College, ECIAD, Langara College, Kwantlen College, Richmond and UCFV, Abbotsford. For a brief time in the 1970s, Rimmer was type director of the Lanston Monotype Corportion in Vancouver.
Rimmer was noted as the proprietor of the Pie Tree Press, located in New Westminster, a printing office for which he designed many typefaces in metal, including Albertan, Kaatskill and Stern.
The P22 Type Foundry currently markets Rimmer's typefaces as the Rimmer Type Foundry. Over 200 digital faces, distributed among 18 families, have been made from Rimmer's designs.
In 2007, Rimmer received the honor of becoming a fellow of the Society of Graphic Designers of Canada.
Rimmer died of cancer on January 8, 2010.
Arthur "Art" Clokey (October 12, 1921 - January 8, 2010) was a pioneer in the popularization of stop motion clay animation, beginning in 1955 with a film experiment called Gumbasia, influenced by his professor, Slavko Vorkapich, at the University of Southern California.
From the Gumbasia project, Art Clokey and his wife Ruth invented Gumby. Since then Gumby and his horse Pokey have been a familiar presence on television, appearing in several series beginning with the "Howdy Doody Show" and later "The Adventures of Gumby." The characters enjoyed a renewal of interest in the 1980s when American actor and comedian Eddie Murphy parodied Gumby in a skit on Saturday Night Live. In the 1990s Gumby: The Movie was released, sparking even more interest.
Clokey's second most famous production is the duo of Davey and Goliath, funded by the Lutheran Church in America.
Jack Kerness, (January 30, 1911 – January 9, 2010) was an art director for five Hollywood studios over his 70-year career working with such directors as Alfred Hitchcock and others.
He spent 37 years at Columbia Pictures and is noted for creating what is considered one of the best movie posters of all time. The poster is of Rita Hayworth starring in the title role of "Gilda." Noted photographer Robert Coburn took the full-length color Kodachrome while Jack Kerness acted as the art director, creating a sultry image of Hayworth in a Jean Louis gown.
Mark Ellidge (died 9 January 2010) was a British press photographer.
Ellidge worked as a photographer for The Sunday Times for nearly 40 years, starting 1 June 1971. He specialised in the performing arts, but also did portrait photography of individuals in the news.
He married three times, lastly to Marinka. He had two daughters, Annaliese and Saffron. Ellidge was half-brother to musician Robert Wyatt and played some piano on his 1970 solo album The End of an Ear.
Dennis Stock (July 24, 1928 – January 11, 2010) was an American photojournalist and documentary photographer and a member of Magnum Photos. He was born in New York City and died in Sarasota, Florida.
Stock served in the United States Army from 1947-1951. Following his discharge, he apprenticed under photographer Gjon Mili. In 1951, he won a first prize in a Life magazine competition for young photographers. That same year, he became an associate member of the photography agency Magnum. He became a full partner-member in 1954.
In 1955, Stock met the actor James Dean and undertook a series of photos of the young star in Hollywood, Dean's hometown in Indiana and in New York City. He took a photograph of Dean in New York's Times Square in 1955 (the year Dean died) that became an iconic image of the young star. It appeared later in numerous galleries and on postcards and posters and was one of the most reproduced photographs of the post-war period. The black and white photograph shows the actor with a pulled up collar on a casual jacket and a cigarette in his mouth on a rain-soaked, gray day.
Bob Noorda (July 15, 1927 – January 11, 2010)it:Bob Noorda was a Dutch-born graphic designer who lived and worked primarily in Milan from 1954 to his death in 2010. Steven Heller, in his New York Times obituary of Noorda, called him "an internationally known graphic designer who helped introduce a Modernist look to advertising posters, corporate logos and, in the 1960s, the entire New York City subway system."
Noorda was born in Amsterdam and attended the Instituut voor Kunstnijverheidsonderwijs (now the Gerrit Rietveld Academie) and graduated in 1950. He moved to Milan in 1954. In Italy, Noorda gained fame for his design in the late 1950s and early 1960s for posters and advertisements for Pirelli where he also served as art director.
In 1965, Noorda and fellow Milan-based designer Massimo Vignelli were among the seven founders of Unimark International, an American design firm with offices around the world, including Chicago and Milan. Noorda is best known in the United States for Unimark's work with New York's Metropolitan Transit Authority.
In addition to the practice of design, Noorda was a professor in graphic design at Umanitaria in Milan, Urbino and IED in Milan. From 1996 to 2001 he was a professor of visual communication at Politecnico di Milano.
Flores "Flo" McGarrell (August 31, 1974 – January 12, 2010) was an American artist, filmmaker, writer and arts administrator. He was raised in Umbertide, Italy and St. Louis, Missouri, United States.
He lived and worked in Roswell, New Mexico, San Francisco, California, Newbury, Vermont and Jacmel, Haiti. He specialized in agri-sculpture - sculpture constructed from recycled and organic material and plants. In Jacmel, he directed a nonprofit arts center called FOSAJ.
Daniel Bensa?d (25 March 1946 – 12 January 2010) was a philosopher and a leader of the Trotskyist movement in France. He became a leading figure in the student revolt of 1968, while studying at the University of Paris X: Nanterre.
Bahman Jalali is a Persian/Iranian name. There are few Persians/Iranians with this name, but the most famous one to date was (1944 – 15 January 2010) an Iranian photographer who taught photography at different universities in Iran for 20 years.
He is best known for his documentary photographs from Iranian Revolution in 1979 and from the Iran-Iraq war, but after the revolution he focused more on teaching photography at Iranian Universities than practicing it.
He was the curator of Iran's first museum of photography and inspired a generation of emerging Iranian photographers.
His latest work was a photo series called "Image of Imaginations", which took three years (2003–2006) for him to complete. It was a mixture of flowers or Iranian calligraphy with old photographs from throughout Iranian photographic history. He explained later: “I have been exposed to many images by little known photographers around the country. Those that I could keep, I have held as mementos, and others have left their marks on my imagination.”. The Museum of Fine Arts in Nantes has bought this photo series for their collection.
He was given a very special homage for his forty years of career in photography by the Fundacio Antoni Tapies in Barcelona with a special solo exhibition curated by Catherine David from September to December 2007, with the publication of a book. He contributed to the prestigious exhibition in the British Museum of London, Word into Art : Artists of the Modern Middle East in 2006.
Until the end of his life, Bahman Jalali was a member of the editorial board for Aksnameh, a bi-monthly journal of photography in Tehran.
The veteran photographer was being treated for pancreatic cancer in Germany. He returned to his home in Tehran on 14 January 2010 and died the next morning at the age of 65.
Asim Butt (26 March 1978 – 15 January 2010) was a Pakistani painter and sculptor, with an interest in graffiti and printmaking. He was a member of the Stuckism International art movement.
Felice Quinto (1929 – 16 January 2010) was an Italian photographer. He was known for his photographs of celebrities and often referred to as the "king of paparazzi." It is reported that he was the inspiration of the paparazzi character in Federico Fellini's 1960 film La Dolce Vita.
Béla K?peczi (16 September 1921 – 17 January 2010) was a Hungarian cultural historian and politician, who served as Minister of Education between 1982 and 1988. He was the Secretary-General of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences from 1972 to 1975.
Calvin Maglinger (December 5, 1924 – January 20, 2010) was an American fine-art painter. The largest collection of Maglinger's original artwork is held between the Indiana State Museum and Maglinger's sons. Maglinger's grandson, also an artist, holds numerous original sketches and paintings.
Bill Ritchie (1 August 1931 – 25 January 2010) was a Scottish cartoonist. He is known for work on comics published by D. C. Thomson.
Born in Glasgow, Ritchie attended the Glasgow School of Art, where he learnt little about cartoons or comics; instead, he taught himself by practising from local comics artists Jack Lindsay, Bud Neill, Jimmy Malcolm, Harry Smith and Bill Tait. It was Malcolm who suggested he try to draw comics for D. C. Thomson in Dundee. While serving in the army in Korea, he submitted his first cartoons to the publisher, which were printed in The Weekly News.
His first comic strip was Clumsy Claude in The Beano, and for many years he drew Baby Crockett in the Beezer.
After his retirement in the 1990s, his comics were "ghosted" by other artists.
Algirdas Petrulis (January 16, 1915 – January 25, 2010) was a Lithuanian painter. Petrulis studied at the Kaunas School of Art. He later taught at the Vilnius State Art Institute (now Vilnius Academy of Fine Arts). From 1968 he was an associate professor.
He was interested in modern French art and his artwork was richly nuanced with a highly sensitive color palette.
From 1946 he was a member of the Lithuanian Artists' Association. He won the prestigious Lithuanian National Culture and Arts Award in 1995 and was awarded the Grand Duke Gediminas Order of the Commander's Cross, the St. Christopher statuette and the Gold Label of the Lithuanian Artists' Union .
Prof. Dr. Juliusz Bardach (3 November 1914, Odessa – 26 January 2010, Warsaw) was a Polish legal historian. Professor of the University of Warsaw, member of the Polish Academy of Sciences. He specialized in the history of governance and law of Lithuania and Poland.
He received his Ph.D from the Jagiellonian University in 1948. Doctor honoris causa of University of ?ód? (1995), University of Warsaw (1996) and the University of Vilnius (1997). Bardach was a recipient of the Order of Polonia Restituta.
Howard Zinn (August 24, 1922 – January 27, 2010) was an American historian, author, left-wing activist, playwright, intellectual and Professor of Political Science at Boston University from 1964 to 1988. He wrote more than 20 books, which included his best-selling and influential A People's History of the United States. Zinn wrote extensively about the civil rights, civil liberties and anti-war movements. His memoir, You Can't Be Neutral on a Moving Train, was also the title of a 2004 documentary about Zinn's life and work.
Eduardo Fernando Catalano (December 19, 1917 – January 28, 2010) was an Argentine architect. Born in Buenos Aires, Catalano came to the United States on a scholarship to the Universities of Pennsylvania and Harvard. In 1945, after earning his second Master's Degree in architecture, Catalano taught at the Architectural Association in London until 1951, when he came back to the United States as a Professor of Architecture at the School of Design in Raleigh, North Carolina State University. In 1956 he began teaching in the graduate program for MIT, until 1977, when he moved on "to discover and participate in other endeavors as rewarding as teaching".
Catalano had an "understanding of the indivisible relationship between space and structure", which earned him praise from Frank Lloyd Wright, who wrote to House and Home magazine when he saw the publishing of the "Raleigh House" AKA the Catalano House to say "It is refreshing to see that the shelter, which is the most important element in domestic architecture, has been so imaginatively and skillfully treated as in the house by Eduardo Catalano". Catalano sold the house when he moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts to teach at MIT. Years of neglect at the end of the 20th century culminated in the house's demolition in 2001.
Other buildings designed by Catalano include the US embassies in Buenos Aires, Argentina and in Pretoria, South Africa, the Juilliard School of Music at New York City's Lincoln Center, Guilford County Courthouse in Greensboro, North Carolina, and the Stratton Student Center at MIT in Cambridge, Massachusetts. (Catalano designed the Guilford County-Greensboro Government Center, not to be confused with the Guilford County Courthouse, designed by Harry Barton from 1918–1920.)
The Catalano House, built in 1954 and which Catalano is best known for, was designed using a hyperbolic paraboloid roof. Here is a picture of the original House. The roof of the house, a curved structure that is built from straight elements (tongue and groove boarding) evolved from his studies on geometric and structural properties of hyperbolic paraboloids. These studies, which included testing of new materials like aluminum and thin-shell concrete, were published by the University of North Carolina in Structures of Warped Surface.
Désirée Lucienne Day RDI (née Conradi, 5 January 1917 – 30 January 2010) was a British textile designer. Inspired by abstract art, she pioneered the use of bright, optimistic, abstract patterns in post-war England, and was eventually celebrated worldwide. Her breakthrough print was 'Calyx', a brightly-coloured textile that she created for the Festival of Britain in 1951. She originated hundreds of colourful abstract prints for industry clients such as Heal's.
In the 1970s, Day ceased to design mass production fabrics, turning instead to creating what she called “mosaics”: large tapestries made of thousands of pieces of Thai and Indian silk. They currently hang in the Victoria and Albert Museum, the Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre, and the coffee shop of a John Lewis store in Kingston upon Thames.
Through a career spanning more than five decades, she stood out not just because she was a highly successful working woman during a time in which many women didn't work, but also due to her creative partnership with her husband, furniture designer Robin Day. For 50 years they worked, together but independently, in a shared studio, and their house grew to be considered the epitome of 1950s sophistication.
The development of their styles can be traced in Lesley Jackson's book Robin and Lucienne Day: Pioneers in Modern Design, published in 2001. An exhibition of Lucienne Day's textiles and Robin Day's furniture, "Robin and Lucienne Day: Design and the Modern Interior", will be held in Spring 2011 at Pallant House Gallery in Chichester — the city where the Days retired in 2000, in order to be closer to their Sussex cottage, where Day spent much of her time in the garden.
Albert Huie (born Falmouth, Trelawny Parish, December 31, 1920 - died Baltimore, Maryland, January 31, 2010) was a Jamaican painter.
Huie moved to Kingston when he was 16 years old; in the 1930s he became part of the "Institute Group" at the Institute of Jamaica, where he received his first formal training, with Koren der Harootian. In the early 1940s he worked as an assistant to Edna Manley while she taught at Kingston's Junior Centre. Further study followed, at the Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts and the Ontario College of Art, before his return to Jamaica. In 1950 he was one of the founding tutors of the Jamaica School of Art and Crafts. Huie exhibited around the United States and Jamaica, and later in his career settled in the United States. On National Heroes Day in 2009 he was honored by the Jamaican Embassy for his contributions to the Jamaican community in and around Washington, D.C.
As a painter, Huie was best known for his landscape and genre work, though he often painted portraits as well. Some of his pieces expressed sociopolitical and nationalist themes, and many of his early paintings related in some way to manual labor. Stylistically, his early work was somewhat naive; his later paintings showed the influence of post-Impressionism, along with elements of art deco and Mexican mural painting. He generally painted in oils, but sometimes used acrylics instead. His paintings hang in the National Gallery of Jamaica, among other collections.
Henry Fukuhara (April 25, 1913 - January 31, 2010) was an American watercolorist teacher.
Fukuhara was interned with his parents, who were Japanese immigrants, at the Manzanar internment camp in California's Owens Valley during World War II. He would later reveal that he looked at spots for potential graves at Manzanar in a 1992 interview with the Los Angeles Times, "Seemed like a joke, but that's what we did."
Henry Fukuhara died of natural causes at a nursing home in Yorba Linda, California, on January 31, 2010, at the age of 96. He was survived by his wife, Fujiko Fukuhara; daughters, Joyce Bowersox, Grace Niwa and Helen Fukuhara; son, Rackham, two sisters, four brothers, four grandchildren and three great-grandchildren.
Manuel Esteba (April 17, 1941 – February 4, 2010) was a Spanish director and screenwriter, notable for writing a spoof of Steven Spielberg's E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial called El E.T.E. y el Oto.
Manuel Esteba was active as a director and a screenwriter for 30 years beginning in the 1960s. Credits include Saranda in the 1970s, also known as Twenty Paces to Death, starring Dean Reed, and A Cry of Death, starring Pierre Brice and Steven Tedd. As a director, he worked with the Calatrava Brothers on 3 comedies. In 1992, he wrote and directed a documentary called Un jardinero en tu casa, with Julian Silvestre as host.
Kostas Axelos (Κ?στα? Αξελ??) (June 26, 1924 – February 4, 2010) — also spelled Costas Axelos — was a Greek philosopher. He was born in Athens and attended high school at the French Institute and the German School of Athens. He enrolled in the law school in order to pursue studies in law and economics. With the onset of World War II Alexos got involved in politics. Then during the German and Italian occupation he participated in the Greek Resistance, and later on in the Greek Civil War, as an organiser and journalist affiliated with the Communist Party (1941–1945). He was later expelled from the Communist Party and condemned to death by the right-wing government. He was arrested and escaped.
At the end of 1945 Axelos moved to Paris, France, where he studied philosophy at the Sorbonne. From 1950 to 1957 he worked as a researcher in the philosophy branch of C.R.N.S, where he was writing his dissertations, and subsequently proceeded to work in Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes. From 1962 to 1973 he taught philosophy at the Sorbonne. His dissertation "Marx, penseur de la technique" (translated as "Alienation, Praxis and Techne in the Thought of Karl Marx") tried to provide an understanding of modern technology based on the thought of Heidegger and Marx and was very influential in the 1960s, alongside the philosophy of Herbert Marcuse.
Axelos was a collaborator on, columnist with, and subsequently editor of the magazine Arguments (1956–1962). He founded and, since 1960, has run the series Arguments in Edition de Minuit. He has published texts mostly in French, but also in Greek and German. His most important book is "Le Jeu du Monde" (Play of the World), where Axelos argues for a pre-ontological status of play.
Peter John Ambrose Calvocoressi (17 November 1912 – 5 February 2010) was a British political author and a former intelligence officer at Bletchley Park during World War II.
In 1973 he was enticed back to publishing by the offer of the newly-created post of Editor-in-Chief of Penguin Books and was appointed Publisher and Chief Executive of Penguin in the following year, but fell victim to disagreements, etc. and was removed in 1976. Over this period he was for 10 years a part-time member of the United Nations Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, was Chairman of the Africa Bureau, the London Library, Chios Charities and Open University Enterprises Ltd. He also served on the governing bodies of Chatham House, the Institute of Strategic Studies and Amnesty.
He wrote 20 books, mostly on contemporary history; one of these – World Politics Since 1945 – passed through nine editions. Threading My Way, an autobiography, appeared in 1994. He set private life before and above his career and never had cause to question this priority.
In 1990, he was awarded an honorary doctorate by the Open University.
Mihailo Markovi?, PhD (Serbian Cyrillic: Михаило Маркови?) (24 February 1923 – 7 February 2010) was a Serbian philosopher. He was born in Belgrade, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. In the 1960s and 1970s he gained prominence as a proponent of the Praxis School, a Marxist humanist movement that originated in SFRY.
A co-author of the SANU Memorandum, during late 1980s and 1990s Markovi? was a prominent supporter of Slobodan Milo?evi?. He died in February 2010 in Belgrade, Serbia.
Bill Utterback ( 1931 - 2010 ),was born on January 5, 1931 Arlington Heights, Illinois is an illustrator and caricature artist. He attended both the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts and The Art Center, eventually earning a Bachelor of Professional Art. He began his career in 1966 and was a published artist for several years.
Utterback studied art under Joseph Henninger at The Art Center. He spent most of his school career studying traditional painting and fine art during the 1940’s. He became quite accomplished in portraiture and would soon follow in his mentor’s shoes by informally teaching young caricature artists at the DuPage Art League such as David C. Hancock.
Utterback began his career in the art department of the gentlemen’s magazine Playboy. While at Playboy Utterback was tasked to caricature celebrities for the magazine. The caricatures were used for the “That Was the Year That Was”. He also worked for The Second City Theater in Chicago for numerous years.
Enn Soosaar (February 13, 1937 in Tallinn - February 10, 2010 in Keila) was an Estonian translator, critic, columnist and publicist. Soosaar translated the works of many American authors, including Ernest Hemingway, William Faulkner, and Saul Bellow into Estonian and was instrumental in introducing American literature to an Estonian audience. Soosaar was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Tallinn. In February 1997, the Order of the National Coat of Arms, Class IV was bestowed on him. From 1944 to 1951, Soosaar studied at Hageri's 7-grade school, after which he attended high school from 1951 to1954 at Tallinn's Second Gymnasium. From 1955 to 1956, he studied at the Tallinn Correspondence School. In 1964, he graduated from the distance education program at the Tartu State University with a degree in English philology.
Duncan Tanner (19 February 1958 - 11 February 2010) was a political historian and academic. His best known work covered the British Labour Party and voting in the early 20th Century. He held the post of director of the Welsh Institute for Social and Cultural Affairs at Bangor University.
Raymond Grieg Mason OBE (2 March 1922, in Birmingham, England – 13 February 2010 in Paris, France) was a sculptor.
He trained at the Birmingham School of Arts and Crafts under William Bloye, the Royal College of Art (for one term), and Slade School of Art. He lived and worked in Paris beginning in 1946. He was a close friend of the late Nobel Prize winning scientist Maurice Wilkins.
He is known for his sculptures of tightly packed people made from clay, with works on McGill College Avenue in Montreal; the Tuileries, Paris; Georgetown, Washington, D.C.; and Madison Avenue, New York. His controversial 1991 work, Forward! in Birmingham's Centenary Square was destroyed by arson on 17 April 2003. The statue carried a reference to DNA ("the secret of life") in connection with Maurice Wilkins, who went to school in Birmingham and worked at the University of Birmingham.
He was awarded the Order of the British Empire (OBE) for services to sculpture and to Anglo-French relations in the New Year Honours 2002.
Raymond Mason died 13 February 2010.
Werner Forman (13 January 1921 in Prag – 13 February 2010 in London) was a Czech photographer, especially known for his art books on Ancient civilisations and non-European cultures. He published more than 80 books with his photographic images. The texts were mostly written by specialists in the area. From 1968 on he lived and work mainly in London but also travelled to many places and museums.
Linnart M?ll (7 June 1938, Tallinn – 14 February 2010, Tartu) was an Estonian historian, orientalist, translator and politician.
He was one of the first who applied the methods of semiotic analysis for investigation of Buddhist texts and other texts of classical Oriental thought. M?ll was one of the central figures of the branch of oriental studies in the Tartu-Moscow Semiotic School in 1960–70s. In the 1990s he worked on the elaboration of the conception of humanistic base texts; since 1998 the initiator and head of the research project "Humanistic base texts in the history of mankind"; and author of ten books and over one hundred academic articles.
M?ll was inspired to become a Buddhist and buddhologist by well-known Estonian theologian and philosopher Uku Masing in the early 1960s. He later studied under and worked together with several Buddhist and non-Buddhist teachers and scholars including Nikolai Konrad, Alexander Piatigorsky, Oktiabrina Volkova, Youri Parfionovich, Lev Menshikov and Lama Bidia Dandaron. He was a teacher and spiritual master for many Estonian Buddhists and orientalists of the younger generation. In the 1990s he established close ties with The Dalai Lama and served as the main organizer of both of the visits of His Holiness in Estonia (1991 and 2001). M?ll was the founder and director of the first Mahāyāna Institute (which existed from 1991 to 1994).
Rigmor Mydtskov (1925, Copenhagen - 2010) was a Danish court photographer who is remembered for her portraits of artists performing in Danish theatres but especially for her many portraits of Queen Margrethe and other members of the Danish royal family.
For a short period in 1952, she worked as a still photographer for film director Johan Jacobsen at Flamingo Film. In 1962, she married Steen R?nne, a gifted artistic photographer, who helped her further develop her skills.
In 1963, she was contacted by Princess Margrethe who arranged an appointment. It was the beginning of a long relationship which, in 1988, lead to the title of Photographer for Her Majesty the Queen.
Later Rigmor Mydtskov and R?nne moved their studio to Badstuestr?de. After her divorce in 1975, it became her own studio.
Taking photographs of the queen was a challenge for Rigmor as she realized every portrait would be historic. Realizing that people in such positions tend to act as if they were masked, she sought to portray the person behind the mask, although she often succeeded in maintaining a little of the secrecy. As a portrait photographer, she was gentle, intuitive and confident. Her life's work is a result of a constant, concentrated effort.
Fernando Krahn (1935 – February 2010) was a Chilean cartoonist and plastic artist. A celebrated cartoonist, his works were published in Esquire, The New Yorker, The Atlantic and The Reporter. In 1973 he was forced to flee his native country Chile to escape persecution after the 1973 Chilean coup d'état. Upon moving to Spain he had over 40 children's books published, which earned him the SM Ediciones' International Illustration Prize in 2001.
Mladen Ve?a (February 7, 1916 – February 19, 2010) was a Croatian painter. He was born in Brist. He graduated from the Zagreb's Academy of Fine Arts under Vladimir Beci? in 1937. He subsequently taught at the academy until 1981. In 1938 he was part of the first exhibition at the Home of Fine Arts Half a Century of Croatian Art, which was blessed by Archbishop Alojzije Stepinac and opened by Vladko Ma?ek. He also took part in the IV Exhibition of Croatian Artists from the NDH in 1944.
He has had exhibitions in Zagreb, Beograd, Sisak, Maribor, Split, Brist, Sarajevo, Osijek, and Beirut. Ve?a has received many awards and honours, including the Vladimir Nazor Award in 1994.
Rudolph "Rudy" Larriva (February 12, 1916 – February 19, 2010) was an American animator and director from the 1940s to the 1980s.
Born in El Paso, Texas, Larriva worked at a number of animation studios, including Format Films, Filmation, Walt Disney Productions, but is best known for his work at Warner Bros. Cartoons and UPA.
Some of the productions he has worked on include the 1965-1967 Looney Tunes & Merrie Melodies cartoons for Format Films, Song of the South, Mr. Magoo, Gerald McBoing Boing, Fangface ,The Alvin Show and The Lone Ranger (animated TV series). He was also the animation director of The Twilight Zone opening titles for 1959–1960.
He died in Irvine, California on February 19, 2010, aged 94.
Derek Vanlint, C.S.C. (7 November 1932 – 23 February 2010) was a Canadian cinematographer. He was best known as the cinematographer for the 1979 science fiction film, Alien. His work on this film earned him a Best Cinematography Award nomination from the British Society of Cinematographers.
After Alien, Vanlint was Director of Photography for the 1981 fantasy-adventure film Dragonslayer. He also handled miniature photography on the 2000 film X-Men, based on the Marvel Comics magazine. He was both director and cameraman on the horror film The Spreading Ground starring Dennis Hopper.
In addition to his work in feature films, Vanlint was a veteran television commercial director. He worked on advertisements for such companies as British Airways, Chevrolet, Coca-Cola, General Motors, Guinness, Kellogg's, Levi's, Maxwell House, Pepsi, and Visa.
Vanlint died in Toronto following a short illness on 23 February 2010. He was 77 years old.
Frank Williams (December 14, 1936 - February 25, 2010) was an American architect who worked as a lead architect on nearly 20 buildings in Manhattan, including Trump Palace Condominiums, 515 Park Avenue, and the W hotel in Times Square. Williams graduated from UC Berkeley in 1961, and received a masters from Harvard in 1965. He moved to New York City and taught at Columbia University for the next few years.
He co-authored Urban Design Manhattan, an influential book advocating distinctive skyscrapers and design in Manhattan. He is also the subject of The Architecture of Frank Williams (Architecture Today), published in 1997.
Robert McCall (1919–February 26, 2010) was a conceptual artist, known for his work on the Stanley Kubrick film 2001: A Space Odyssey. He worked as an illustrator for LIFE magazine in the 1960s before working as an artist for NASA, documenting the history of the Space Race. In addition, he was a production illustrator on Star Trek: The Motion Picture. His work can be found on U.S. postage stamps, NASA mission patches, and his murals grace the walls of the Smithsonian Air and Space Museum, the National Gallery of Art, The Pentagon, EPCOT, and Johnson Space Center. Commander Riker expressed admiration for the work of "Bob McCall" on an episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation. Robert McCall died on February 26, of heart failure in Scottsdale, Arizona.
Violet Barclay (November 5, 1922 – February 26, 2010), who also worked under the name Valerie Barclay and the married name Valerie Smith, was an American illustrator best known as one of the pioneering female comic-book artists, having started in the field during the 1930s and '40s period historians and fans call the Golden Age of Comic Books.
Born Violet Barclay, she adopted "Valerie" in adulthood, after actress Valerie Hobson, though without filing for legal change of name.
In the mid-1950s, during an industry downtown, Barclay left comics, unable to find work in the field. Though her natural hair color "was dark, almost black," she "became a platinum blond fashion model". Unsuccessful, she left after a year to become a waitress, followed by stints as a hostess for various restaurants.
She eventually segued into fashion illustration, working for some years for such national retail chains as Lane Bryant and Abraham & Straus. She retired with the advent of computer graphics, and, as of 2004, lives in New York City and paints re-creations of John Singer Sargent portraits.
Louis Fabian Bachrach, Jr. (April 9, 1917 - February 26, 2010) was an American photographer, known for portraits of celebrities, politicians, presidents and other prominent individuals. Bachrach was best known for a portrait of Senator John F. Kennedy, which was later used as the his official photograph after he was elected President in 1960.
Bachrach's family, who own Bachrach Studios, has been in the commercial photography business for more than 140 years. Bachrach Studios is believed to be the world's oldest continuously operating photography studio in the world. His paternal grandfather, David Bachrach Jr., founded Bachrach Studios in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1968. He had previously photographed Abraham Lincoln during his trip to Gettysburg in 1963 during the U.S. Civil War.
Louis Fabian Bachrach, Jr. was born in Newton, Massachusetts, on April 9, 1917. His father, Louis Fabian Bachrach, was also a photographer. Bachrach received a bachelor's degree from Harvard University in 1939 and joined Bachrach Studios shortly afterwards. Bachrach served as an aerial navigator in the United States Navy in the Pacific during World War II. Bachrach later earned a master's degree in Italian literature from Boston College in 1988, when he was in his 70s.
Bachrach introduced color photography to Bachrach Studios during the 1950s, and switched the studios completely to color images during the 1970s. Some of Bachrach's most famous subjects included Presidents Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan, Jean-Claude Duvalier, King Faisal, Indira Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Jacques Cousteau, Joe DiMaggio, Richard Avedon, Robert Frost, Buckminster Fuller, Ted Kennedy, and Muhammad Ali.
Fabian Bachrach died of pneumonia on February 26, 2010, in Newton, Massachusetts, at the age of 92. He was a resident of West Newton, Massachusetts.
Anna Fárová (June 1, 1928 - February 27, 2010) was a Czech art historian who specialized and catalogued Czech and Czechoslovakian photographers, including Frantisek Drtikol and Josef Sudek. She was one of the pioneers of writing on history of photography. Her publishing activities helped to establish photography as an art discipline within the country.
Carlos Montemayor (Parral, Chihuahua, June 13, 1947 – Mexico City, February 28, 2010) was a Mexican novelist, poet, essayist, literary critic, tenor, political analyst, and promoter of contemporary literature written in indigenous languages. He was a Member of the Mexican Academy of the Language.
Montemayor died of stomach cancer on February 28, 2010.
Rosa Lobato de Faria (born 20 April 1932, Lisbon, Portugal — died 2 February 2010, Lisbon) was a Portuguese actress and writer whose career encompassed a variety of media including acting, scriptwriting, literature (novels and poetry) and songwriting.
Born as Rosa Maria de Bettencourt Rodrigues Lobato de Faria, she was a respected figure in Portuguese cultural circles. She was married twice. Her first marriage, which produced three children, ended in divorce.
Tributes paid to Lobato de Faria by notables such as Portuguese President Aníbal Cavaco Silva, Culture Minister Gabriela Canavilhas, and colleagues from the fields of television and literature recognised her contribution to Portuguese culture. Canavilhas said Lobato de Faria left a "legacy which is testament to her creativity and great sensibility and which will stand as an inspiration for future generations" while Luís Andrade, a former programme director for national broadcasting channel RTP, described her as "a great writer and a great actress. Portugal...is much the poorer for her unexpected death."
Aleen Leslie (February 5, 1908 – February 2, 2010) was a screenwriter, playwright and novelist. She died in 2010, three days before her 102nd birthday.
Tahir Hussain (1938 – 2 February 2010) was an Indian producer, director and writer of Bollywood movies. He was the younger brother of producer, director, and writer Nasir Hussain, the father of Bollywood actors Aamir Khan and Faisal Khan and of Farhat Khan and Nikhat Khan. Hussain directed his son, Aamir, for the first time in his directorial debut Tum Mere Ho in 1990. Hussain 's wife is Zeenat Hussain.
He is a descendant of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.
On 2 February 2010 he died in Mumbai following a heart attack.
Futa Helu (17 June 1934 — 2 February 2010) was a Tongan philosopher, historian, and educator. He studied philosophy under the Australian empiricist John Anderson and in 1963 launched an educational institute named Atenisi (Tongan for Athens, to pay homage to the ancient Greek philosophers, Herakleitos in particular). The institute began as a continuing education programme for civil servants, then initiated a high school in 1964 and a university in 1975.
Dr. Helu was the author of several books, most importantly two books on Tongan culture, a monograph on Herakleitos, and a collection of essays regarding South Pacific culture. In 1999 the University of the South Pacific awarded him an honorary doctorate in literature. The scholar retired as institute director and dean of its university in 2007, replaced in the former post by his daughter Sisi?uno (in 2008 and currently) and son Niulala (in 2009) ... and in the latter by Dr. Michael G. Horowitz, a U.S. sociologist who served as associate dean in the late '90s. Up until his passing Dr. Helu retained the title of Professor Emeritus of Philosophy and Tongan Culture.
In retirement, Helu remained an authority on Tongan history, tradition, and education, and although not a politician himself, remained an influential voice in Tongan politics due to the vindication of his advocacy of democracy.
The last years of his life were marred by declining physical and foremost mental health as he was suffering from some form of Alzheimer's disease.
Te Wei (simplified Chinese: 特伟; traditional Chinese: 特偉; pinyin: Tè Wěi; 22 August 1915, Shanghai – 4 February 2010, Shanghai) was a Chinese animator. He is probably best known for the 1956 short animated film The Conceited General. From about 1960 his animation style was influenced by the painter Qi Baishi. Not permitted to carry on his animation during the Cultural Revolution, Te Wei regained a position of artistic influence in the late 1970s and the 1980s with a series of animated films in painterly style.
Ruth Kligman (January 25, 1930 – March 1, 2010) is most commonly known as the muse of several important American artists of the mid 20th century (Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning). She was born in Newark, New Jersey.
De Kooning named a painting for Kligman ("Ruth's Zowie"), and she was the sole survivor of the car crash that killed Pollock and Edith Metzger.
Kligman published a book, Love Affair: A Memoir of Jackson Pollock about her relationship with Pollock. In Ed Harris's 2000 film Pollock, Jennifer Connelly portrayed Kligman.
Kligman was an abstract painter in her own right, working in New York City. Her works include "Joan of Arc" and the "Light and Deman" series.
Mom?ilo "Momo" Kapor (Serbian Cyrillic: Момчило "Момо" Капор; 8 April 1937 – 3 March 2010) was a Serbian novelist, painter, and short story writer. Several successful films have been based upon his novels. He was born in Sarajevo, Kingdom of Yugoslavia and died in Belgrade, Serbia.
Kapor was born in Sarajevo in 1937 and graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts in Belgrade in 1961. He was a member of the "Committee to Protect the Truth of Radovan Karad?i?" and was a defence witness at Slobodan Milo?evi?'s trial at the ICTY Tribunal.
Raimund Johann Abraham (July 23, 1933 – March 4, 2010) was an Austrian architect.
Raimund Johann Abraham was born in Lienz, Tyrol. He studied architecture at the Technical University in Graz and in 1959 established an architectural studio in Vienna, where he soon emerged as a leading avant-gardist. In 1964 he moved to the United States. He taught at the Rhode Island School of Design and, from 1971, at the Cooper Union in Manhattan and Pratt Institute in Brooklyn. In 2003 he became a visiting faculty member at the Southern California Institute of Architecture.
Among his best-known works is the Austrian Cultural Forum Building in New York City
Bruce John Graham (December 1, 1925 – March 6, 2010) was an Colombian-American architect. Among his most notable buildings are the Inland Steel Building, the Willis Tower (formerly the Sears Tower), and the John Hancock Center. He worked with Fazlur Khan on the latter two constructions. Architectural historian Franz Schulze called him "the Burnham of his generation." He was a 1993 Pew Fellow.
Richard Thomas Stites (born December 2, 1931 – died March 7, 2010) was a historian of Russian culture.
In 1978 he published The Women's Liberation Movement in Russia: Feminism, Nihilism and Bolshevism, 1860-1930, a book that opened up a new discipline of Russian studies.
In 1984, he wrote the introductory essay for an English translations of Alexander Bogdanov's science fiction novel Red Star (novel).
In 1989 he published Revolutionary Dreams: Utopian Vision and Experimental Life in the Russian Revolution.
He also edited several books on Russian popular culture, notably Bolshevik Culture (1985), Mass Culture in Soviet Russia and Culture and Entertainment in Wartime Russia (both in 1995).
He died in Helsinki, Finland from complications of cancer on March 7, 2010, aged 78.
Sergo Anastasi Mikoyan (Armenian: Russian: Сергo Анаста?сович Микоян; June 5, 1929 – March 7, 2010) was one of the Soviet Union's leading historians who specialized on the foreign policies of the Soviet Union and the United States in Latin America. He was the son of Anastas Mikoyan, an Old Bolshevik and high level Soviet statesman and adviser to Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev.
Colin Michael Wells (15 November 1933 in West Bridgford - 11 March 2010 in North Wales) was a British historian of ancient Rome, as well as scholar and archaeologist of classical antiquities and Punic.
Charles Lee Moore (March 9, 1931 – March 11, 2010) was an American photographer most famous for his photographs documenting the Civil Rights Era.
In 1958, while working in Montgomery, Alabama for the Montgomery Advertiser, he photographed an argument between Martin Luther King, Jr. and two policemen. His photographs were distributed nationally by the Associated Press, and published in Life.
In 1962, Moore left the newspapers to start a freelance career. He worked for the Black Star picture agency, which sold much of his work to Life.
Moore went on to cover the Vietnam War and many other trouble spots. He then moved on to nature, fashion and travel photography, in addition to corporate work.
Glauco Villas Boas (March 10, 1957 in Jandaia do Sul, Paraná – March 12, 2010 in Osasco, S?o Paulo) was a Brazilian designer, cartoonist and religious leader. He belonged to the family of the notable Villas-B?as brothers.
With an acid humor, quick jokes, clean traces, "ultrasofisticated thought", and a unique style that united innocence and evil, Glauco contributed to the modernization of Graphic Design and the style of Brazilian cartoons in the period coinciding with the advent of a generation of post-dictatorship. The work of the cartoonist expressed "the simple, almost childlike expression".
The approach of their work was the daily life and its degradation. Marital problems, neurosis, loneliness, drugs and urban violence were pictured "always with grace and compassion".
Glauco's name was always associated with the Angeli and Laerte's, "the holy trinity of Brazilian comic books", and the affinity for working in the same newspaper for 25 years.
Der Scutt (October 17, 1934 – March 14, 2010) was the architect and designer of major buildings throughout New York City and the United States.
His best known work perhaps is Trump Tower next to Tiffany & Co. on Fifth Avenue, New York, developed by Donald J. Trump. his other major buildings include One Astor Plaza, 520 Madison Avenue, the Continental Insurance Corporation headquarters in New York City, and the Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Company Headquarters in Milwaukee. He was the design consultant for the Grand Hyatt Hotel in New York City.
Chimen Abramsky (September 12, 1916 – March 14, 2010) was emeritus Professor of Jewish Studies at University College London. His first name is pronounced Shimon.
Abramsky was born in Minsk, the son of Rabbi Yechezkel Abramsky. He gained a BA degree from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and an MA from the University of Oxford. He was Reader in Jewish History, then Goldsmid Professor of Hebrew and Jewish Studies at University College London. He was a Senior Fellow at St Antony's College, Oxford. A noted scholar of Jewish History, Abramsky was also well-known as an expert on antiquarian Hebrew books and manuscripts, and was professionally consulted for many years by the auction house Sothebys, who traditionally run one Hebraica and Judaica auction every year.
Abramsky was married to Miriam née Nirenstein (1917–1997); her parents were the proprietors of Shapiro Vallentine, a prominent publisher of Jewish scholarly books. They had two children, Jack and Jenny.
Robert Hodgins (27 June 1920 – 15 March 2010) was a South African artist, best known for paintings and printmaking.
Robert Hodgins was born in Dulwich, London, on 27 June 1920, and immigrated to South Africa in 1938. He enlisted with the Union Defence Force in 1940, and served in Kenya and Egypt.
In 1944 he returned to England, and studied art and education at Goldsmiths College, University of London, where he received an arts and crafts certificate in 1951 and a National Diploma of Design in painting in 1953.
He returned to South Africa, where he taught at the Pretoria Technical College School of Art from 1954. From 1962 he was a journalist and critic for Newscheck magazine. He lectured in painting at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, from 1966 to 1983.
In 1983, he retired to paint full-time. He partook in many solo and group exhibitions in South Africa and abroad. His work can be seen in many galleries, corporate and public collections, including Anglo American, the Johannesburg Art Gallery, the Sandton Art Gallery, the Pretoria Art Museum, the South African National Gallery in Cape Town, University of South Africa (UNISA), the University of the Witwatersrand Art Galleries, and the William Humphries Art Gallery in Kimberley.
Robert Hodgins died on 15 March 2010, in Johannesburg, after a bout with lung cancer at the age of 89.
Peter Gowland (born April 3, 1916, Los Angeles, California — died March 17, 2010, Pacific Palisades, Los Angeles, California) was a famous American glamour photographer and actor. He was known for designing and building his own studio equipment and was active professionally for six decades.
Gowland shot more than 1,000 magazine covers, mostly glamour shots of female models but also portraits of celebrities including Rock Hudson and Robert Wagner. His covers included Rolling Stone, Playboy, and Modern Photography. He invented elite cameras and equipment that he used to shoot pinups and magazine covers. In the late 1950s, Gowland also invented the twin-lens Gowlandflex camera, which used 4-by-5 inch film for high-quality pictures. The camera has since been used by such photographers as Annie Leibovitz and Yousuf Karsh.
Gowland grew up on movie sets and worked as film extra in his youth. He learned photo lighting and techniques from watching movies being shot. The son of Gibson Gowland and Sylvia Andrew, both actors, he acted in at least 12 films, mostly uncredited. He had a small part in Citizen Kane.
Tim Chadwick (4 October 1962 – 17 March 2010) was a New Zealand artist, motoring enthusuast and author. His mixed media paintings have been exhibited at the Govett-Brewster Art Gallery, New Plymouth, the Manawatu Art Gallery in Palmerston North, and dealer galleries in Auckland and Wellington, as well as at the Lincoln Center, New York and in Australia and the United Kingdom. His paintings are held in the Massey University collection, the James Wallace collection of New Zealand art and several private collections in San Francisco, Melbourne, London and throughout New Zealand.
Chadwick had also had more than a dozen non-fiction books published, including Tractors in New Zealand and Saloon Motorsport in New Zealand. He turned to writing after suffering "artist's block", and his first books featured paintings of the cars they discussed. He also wrote for NZ Classic Car magazine, a local New Zealand newspaper and occasionally New Zealand Truck and Driver magazine. His artwork often has crossovers with his motoring writing, for example, a major series of work created in the late-1980s and early-1990s was painted on second hand car bonnets (hoods). A recent work features Abel Tasman, an Austin Tasman car and the now extinct Thylacine (Tasmanian Tiger).
John Hicklenton (aka John Deadstock; 8 May 1967 – 19 March 2010) was a British comics artist best known for his brutal, visceral work on flagship 2000 AD characters like Judge Dredd (in particular Heavy Metal Dredd) and Nemesis the Warlock during the eighties and nineties.
He suffered from multiple sclerosis and recorded an award-winning documentary about living with the condition. On 19 March 2010, Hicklenton chose to end his life at the Dignitas clinic in Switzerland.
Takeo Kimura (木村 威夫 Kimura Takeo?, April 1, 1918 - March 21, 2010) was a Japanese art director, writer and film director. Beginning his career in 1945 he art-directed well over 200 films. He was one of Japan's best known art directors, most famously for his collaborations with cult director Seijun Suzuki through the 1960s at the Nikkatsu Company, exemplified by Tokyo Drifter (1966). Other directors with whom he frequently worked include Toshio Masuda, Kazuo Kuroki, Kei Kumai and Kaizo Hayashi. At age 90 he made his feature film directorial debut with Dreaming Awake (2008). He had also worked as a critic, writer, painter, photographer and teacher.
Kaljo P?llu (28 November 1934 – 23 March 2010) was an Estonian artist. He was born in K?rgessaare Parish. In 1962 he received a diploma in glass art, and became director of art cabinet of Tartu State University; he founded the contemporary artist's group Visarid in 1966 in Tartu. In 1973 he moved to Tallinn, where from 1975 to 1996 he taught drawing in the Estonian Art Academy; at this point his art changed in style dramatically as he searched for influences from the ancient Finno-Ugric culture.
In 2007 the University of Tartu gave P?llu their "Contribution to Estonian National Identity" award.
James Joseph Marshall (February 3, 1936, Chicago, Illinois – March 24, 2010, New York City, New York) was a photographer, often of rock stars. He had extended access to numerous musicians through the 1960s and 1970s, including being the only photographer allowed backstage at The Beatles last concert, and chief photographer at Woodstock.
While still in high school he purchased his first camera and began documenting musicians and artists in San Francisco. After serving several years in the Air Force, he returned and moved to New York. He famously photographed Jimi Hendrix setting his guitar on fire at the Monterey Pop Festival, and Johnny Cash at San Quentin.
Known to have at least 1 Leica camera with him at all times, One famous story of a CEO that offered to buy the camera that he used to shoot Jimi Hendrix at Woodstock for 25,000 dollars (in 1973) And a classic response to the offer of "Get the Hell out of here". Marshall was well known in the industry for his portraits of musicians. He was a friend John Mayer.
Martin Elliott (12 July 1946 - 24 March 2010) was a British photographer, best-known for the poster "Tennis Girl".
Elliott, an only child, was born into a middle-class family in Oldbury. He attended Oldbury Grammar School, then Loughborough College of Art. He met Noelle Bott in 1987, and was married to her from 15 February 1988 until his death. He was diagnosed with cancer in 1999, and died of it in 2010 at his home in Pulla Cross, near Truro, Cornwall, aged 63.
Martin "Marty" Lederhandler (November 23, 1917 – March 25, 2010) was a photographer for the Associated Press for 66 years, making him the longest-serving AP staff member. During his career, he photographed every President of the United States "from Herbert Hoover to Bill Clinton".
Lederhandler began working with the Associated Press in 1936, and participated in D-Day as an official US Army photographer.
He retired in the wake of the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, saying they helped spur the decision. His photograph of the burning towers of the World Trade Center juxtaposed against the Empire State Building has been described as "iconic".
B W Aston (April 27, 1936–March 25, 2010) was an American historian whose career embraced local and regional history as well as Latin American studies. From 1967-2001, he was a faculty member at Baptist-affiliated Hardin-Simmons University in Abilene, Texas.
On August 26, 1961, Aston married the former Lillie Mae Fields (born ca. 1940). Aston died in Abilene of a long illness. He was preceded in death by his parents and a brother, Verlon R. Aston (1925–1999). In addition to his wife, he was survived by a brother, Weldon Roy Aston (born ca. 1932) of Fort Worth; three nephews and a niece. Interment services were held on March 29 at Mount Pleasant Cemetery near Tolar in Hood County near Granbury, Texas. Memorial services were conducted on March 30 at Pioneer Drive church.
Alan Stafford, current dean of the Cynthia Ann Parker College of Liberal Arts at Hardin-Simmons, described Aston, accordingly:
"Dr. Aston was a wonderful Christian gentleman who dearly loved HSU. [An] outstanding professor who touched the lives of thousands of our students, he was an inspiration to several generations of young HSU faculty members. He told me once that he was excited about coming to work every single day. Working with him always inspired me to do my very best, and much of my career success came from observing and learning from his positive approach to teaching, learning, and life in general."
Shmuel Katz (Hebrew: (August 18, 1926 – March 26, 2010) was an Israeli artist, illustrator, and cartoonist. A Holocaust survivor and postwar immigrant to Mandate Palestine via the detention camps on Cyprus, he figured prominently in Israeli illustration and newspaper cartooning, widely exhibiting and publishing his drawings and paintings at home and abroad, for which he won numerous local and international awards. His sketches and watercolors are known for their sprightly lines and touches of humor.
Shemuel Katz’s artworks have been exhibited extensively in Israel and abroad. His watercolors of Jerusalem have been reproduced as posters and postcards. His courtroom sketches of Adolf Eichmann’s trial in Jerusalem, 1961, are held in the art collection of Yad Vashem, Israel’s Holocaust Remembrance Authority. As an artist in the IDF, he sketched soldiers on guard and at war. Katz is well known as the illustrator of hundreds of books, especially for Sifriat Poalim, the Kibbutz Artzi movement's publishing house. Especially popular are his illustrated classics of Israeli children’s literature, such as Igeal Mozinsohn’s Hasamba series and poet Leah Goldberg’s Flat for Rent, whose cover art was used for a postage stamp.
Katz published editorial cartoons and illustrations in the Israeli dailies Al HaMishmar, and Maariv, the weekly kibbutz supplement of the mass-circulation Yedioth Aharonoth, as well as the Swiss satirical periodical, Nebelspalter.
Lara Jones (Born 1975 - died 26 March 2010, aged 34) was a British artist, children's author and illustrator. She is best remembered for her Poppy Cat series of books, written for the very young, which have been published in 20 languages and sold nearly two million copies.
She illustrated numerous other books, including her own picture books, "I Love Hugs" and "I Love My Potty". Other books illustrated by Jones include "Mermaid Poems" (Clare Bevan), Mermaid Stories, "Fairy Poems" and "Fairy Stories" (all published by MacMillan) as well as "Babies Can" by Ian Whybrow and "Pip and the Edge of Heaven" by Elizabeth Liddle (Lion, 2002). Her final book was I Want a Mini Tiger written by Joyce Dunbar and published by Macmillan Books. She also had other projects in the pipeline, notably a book with Orchard Books, for which she had done initial drawings.
Colm Padraic Kiernan (24 November 1931– 27 March 2010) was an historian and writer.
In 1964 Colm Kiernan was appointed foundation Lecturer in History at the University of Wollongong, Australia. There began a long and successful career as an academic and researcher in both European and Australian History, which encompassed his writing of two volumes of Science and the Enlightenment of 18th Century France, the biographies of Arthur Calwell and Archbishop Daniel Mannix, and his last book, Australia and Ireland – Bicentenary Essays 1788-1988.
János Kass (December 26, 1927 – March 29, 2010) was a Hungarian illustrator, printmaker, graphic designer, postage stamp designer, animated film director and teacher. Born in Szeged, he was the storyboard artist for the first fully digital animated film and died March 29 in Budapest.
Beginning his artistic studies at the Applied Art Academy, Kass finished in 1951 at the Academy of Fine Arts, a student of Gyula Hincz, Gy?rgy Kádár and Gy?rgy Konecsni. From 1956 to 1959 he held the Derkovits scholarship.
From 1961 to 1962, he was assistant professor at the Book-Art Academy in Leipzig, Germany.
Kass regularly took part in every major national exhibition at home and abroad. He had one-man shows in Italy (1963), Australia (1970) and Switzerland (1976). He participated in the Venice Biennial (1960), the Youth Biennial in Paris (1961), and Biennials in Lugano, Tokyo, Ljubljana, S?o Paulo and Buenos Aires, along with "Intergrafik" exhibitions in Berlin.
He made many friends within the British graphic art fraternity while spending some months in London during 1980, working on one of the earliest, fully digitised computer-animated films, Dilemma, with John Halas. He had already won recognition with his illustrations and book designs. At the 1973 Leipzig book fair, his work was awarded the title of best illustrated book at the fair. This accolade was repeated at the Frankfurt fair in 1999.
The 11-minute Dilemma (1981 Film) was nominated at that year's Cannes Film Festival for the Golden Palm for Best Short Film, and is considered the first fully digital animated film. Kass was also a background artist for the "So Beautiful and So Dangerous" segment of Ivan Reitman Productions' 1981 animated feature film Heavy Metal.
Kass' drawings, etchings and silk-screen prints were exhibited in the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge in 1989 and in 1990 at London Olympia. He later held a one-man show in Edinburgh.
Henry Scarpelli (1930 – April 4, 2010) was an American comic book artist who has worked in comics. His work in comics has won him recognition from the industry, including the Shazam Award for Best Inker (Humor Division) in 1970, for his work on Date With Debbi, Leave It to Binky, and other DC comics. He is also noted for his work for Archie Comics, including penciling the daily Archie comic strip for most of the 1990s and 2000s.
His son is actor Glenn Scarpelli, who has appeared in one-page jokes in the Archie books under the umbrella title "Glenn Scarpelli in Hollywood".
Chiyoko "Shio" Satō (佐藤 史生 Satō Shio?) (born December 6, 1952 — died April 4, 2010) was a Japanese manga artist. Satō was a member of the Post Year 24 Group, a group of female manga artists considered influential in the development of shōjo manga. She also wrote under the pen name Sugar Salt (砂糖 塩, Satō Shio?). She made her professional debut in 1977 with the publication of Koi wa Ajinomono!? in Bessatsu Shōjo Comic. Her definitive works include Yumemiru Wakusei (The Dreaming Planet) and One Zero. Her stories were usually serious science fiction drawn in a "subdued" style.
Her short story, The Changeling, in addition to being published in the English-language anthology Four Shōjo Stories, was serialised in Animerica.
Satō died from brain cancer on April 4, 2010, aged 57.
Thomas Archer Ray (August 2, 1919 – April 6, 2010) was an American animator.
Ray was born in Williams, Arizona. He began work at Warner Bros. Cartoons in 1937. Over the first two decades of his career, he was a junior animator who received no screen credit until Destination Earth in 1956. In 1958, he became a master animator in the Robert McKimson unit. Later, he transferred to the Chuck Jones unit, where he co-directed Adventures of the Road-Runner and several Bugs Bunny Show episodes. He followed Jones to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1963; there, he directed two Tom and Jerry compilation shorts, Matinee Mouse in 1966 and Shutter Bugged Cat in 1967.
The last work was the animated short Andy Panda in "I'd Love Pandas".
After his retirement from the Los Angeles animation business in 1998, Ray founded his own animation studio, Tomstone Animation, first located in East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania. Ray moved his studio to Virginia Beach, Virginia just before he died in Virginia on April 6, 2010.
Ray's wife, Brenda Ellen Ray, continues to live in Virginia Beach, Virginia. Ray's son, Thomas G. "Greg" Ray, and daughter, Donna Mouliot, followed him into the animation business.
John Schoenherr (July 5, 1935 - April 8, 2010) was an American illustrator who was born in New York City. He was a graduate of Stuyvesant High School. He studied art at The Art Students League of New York with Will Barnet and at Pratt Institute.
Much of the considerable attention he received was based on his work as a science fiction illustrator. He is also very well known as a wildlife artist, children's book illustrator and scratchboard artist. Most of his illustration work uses this technique, and he was long known as the only commercial artist who specialized in it. His paintings were often egg tempera, another unusual medium.
Among the books he illustrated are The Wolfling and Rascal by Sterling North (the latter of which received a Newbery Honor) and The Illustrated Dune by Frank Herbert.
His knowledge of zoology was very useful in creating alien creatures, and he also worked for paperback and hardcover SF publishers like Ace Books and Doubleday.
Běla Kolá?ová née Helclová (born 24 March 1923, Terezín - died 12 April 2010, Prague) was a Czech artist and photographer. In 1949 she married Ji?í Kolá?. She started photographing in 1956, since 1960s inspired by her husband turned her attention to the experiments with collages. In 1985 she followed her husband in exile in Paris.
William Bryan "Bill" DuBay (January 11, 1948 – April 15, 2010), whose work sometimes appeared under the pseudonyms Will Richardson and Dube, was an American, comic-book editor, writer and artist best-known as editor and writer for Warren Publishing, including that company's horror-comics magazines Creepy, Eerie and Vampirella.
In 1984, DuBay began a career in animation. That year, he was hired by Stan Lee to help build the animation studio Marvel Productions. DuBay left Marvel to head a department at 20th Century Fox, where he worked on the Fox Kids branded programming block. Later, he and Rook co-creator Budd Lewis formed Time Castle Books to publish collections and planned graphic novels starring their character.
Balthasar Burkhard (24 December 1944 – 16 April 2010) was a Swiss photographer who received international recognition for his large-format monochromatic photographic series.
His work has been praised for its "hermeticism and poetic depth", characterized as that of a "hyperrealist dreamer" and placed in the tradition of Tanizaki Junichiro and Gustave Courbet, whom Burkhard admired; his photographic reflections on the painter's work were made part of the great Courbet exposition of 2007 in the Grand Palais. A central theme in Burkhard's work was the depiction of the female sex, in an approach that has been interpreted as the "search for the primordial goddess, the focus of all desires". Women were notably the focus of a 1970s Polaroid nudes series with Markus Raetz, the theme of a noted series of photographs on the nape and feet of a geisha, and the topic of a number of huge images shown in 2008 in the Songlines exhibition at the Museum Franz Gertsch in Burgdorf.
Burkhard and his work are the subject of an episode of the 2005 3sat documentary series PHOTOsuisse. His photographs have been published in several coffee-table books.
John Carl Warnecke (February 24, 1919-April 17, 2010) was an architect based in San Francisco, California, who designed numerous notable monuments and structures in the Modernist, Bauhaus, and other similar styles. He was an early proponent of contextual architecture. Among his more notable buildings and projects are the Hawaii State Capitol building, the John F. Kennedy Eternal Flame memorial gravesite at Arlington National Cemetery, and the master plan for Lafayette Square (which includes his designs for the Howard T. Markey National Courts Building and the New Executive Office Building).
Purvis Young (February 4, 1943 – April 20, 2010) was an American artist. One of South Florida's most celebrated artists, his life story was captured in the 2006 feature length documentary film, Purvis of Overtown.
Young's works are in many museum collections, including those of the Corcoran Gallery of Art, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the Bass Museum of Art in Miami Beach, FL and the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts in Richmond. In addition, Young's art have been regularly been shown at galleries, primarily in Miami and southern Florida, such as in a 1972 installation at the Miami Museum of Modern Art, but also nationwide, from exhibitions at the Springfield (Ohio) Museum of Art (1999) to the art museum of the University of Memphis (2004), as well as in commercial galleries from New York City to Cologne, Germany.
Robert Natkin (November 7, 1930 — April 20, 2010) was an American born abstract painter whose work is associated with Abstract expressionism, Color field painting, and Lyrical Abstraction.
He was born in Chicago, and from the early 1950s he created paintings which are represented in the permanent collections of major museums as well as in corporate and private collections. His work has been exhibited in leading galleries in the U.S., Europe and Japan.
He lived with his wife, painter Judith Dolnick, in Connecticut. Robert "Bob" Natkin enjoyed painting as well as singing gospel according to the Akron Art Institute, Akron, Ohio.
Heinz Gappmayr (7 October 1925; Innsbruck – 20 April 2010; Innsbruck) was an Austrian artist who created works of visual poetry.
Deborah Remington (1930 – April 21, 2010) was an American painter. She lived and worked in New York City and Pennsylvania. Remington was a veteran of more than 30 solo exhibitions and hundreds of group exhibitions including 3 Whitney Museum of American Art annuals. She was the great-niece of artist Frederic Remington
Giuseppe Panza (1923 – 24 April 2010) was one of the world's most prominent collectors of modern art. He was born in Milan.
Panza began collecting contemporary art in the late 1940s, and was amongst the first to acquire the works of Rothko, Kline, Lichtenstein, Carl Andre, Dan Flavin, Donald Judd, Robert Mangold, Greg Colson, Sol LeWitt, Brice Marden, Robert Morris, Bruce Nauman, Robert Ryman, Richard Serra, James Turrell, Lawrence Weiner, Joseph Kosuth and many other major figures.
Parts of his collection have been acquired or exhibited by the Guggenheim, the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, and others.
An autobiographical perspective on his role as a collector was published by Abbeville Press in 2007.
Giuseppe Panza died on 24 April 2010 in Milan
Pierre Hadot (b. Paris, February 21, 1922 – April 24, 2010) was a French philosopher and historian of philosophy specializing in ancient philosophy, particularly Neoplatonism. He was director at the école des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS) from 1964 to 1986 and was named professor at the Collège de France in 1982, where he held the Chair of History in Greek and Roman Thought (chaire d'histoire de la pensée hellénistique et romaine). He retired from this position to became professeur honoraire at the Collège in 1991.
He was one of the first authors to introduce Ludwig Wittgenstein's thought into France. Hadot is also famous for his analysis on the conception of philosophy during Greek Antiquity. Hadot identified and analyzed the "spiritual exercises" used in ancient philosophy (preceding Michel Foucault's interest for such practices in the second and third volumes of his History of Sexuality). By "spiritual exercises" Hadot means "practices ... intended to effect a modification and a transformation in the subject who practice them. The philosophy teacher's discourse could be presented in such a way that the disciple, as auditor, reader, or interlocutor, could make spiritual progress and transform himself within." Hadot shows that the key to understanding the original philosophical impulse is to be found in Socrates. What characterizes Socratic therapy above all is the importance given to living contact between human beings. Hadot's recurring theme is that philosophers should be judged by how they live their lives, what they do, not what they say; that philosophy is best pursued in real conversation and not through written texts and lectures; and that philosophy, as it is taught in universities today, is for the most part a distortion of its original, therapeutic impulse. He brings these concerns together in What Is Ancient Philosophy? (op cit).
Leslie Buck (September 20, 1922 - April 26, 2010) was an American business executive and Holocaust survivor who designed the Anthora coffee cup, which has become an iconic symbol of New York City since its introduction in the 1960s.
Avigdor Arikha (April 28, 1929 – April 29, 2010) was a painter, draughtsman, printmaker, and art historian.
Arikha showed frequently (every two years, in London and New York) at the gallery that represented him since 1972, Marlborough, and over the decades he had over two dozen solo shows. In 1998 Arikha had a major retrospective at the Israel Museum, Jerusalem (of paintings) and at the Tel Aviv Museum of Art (of prints and drawings), which travelled to Edinburgh's Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art in 1999. From July 2006-January 2007 there was an exhibition at the British Museum of Arikha's bequest to it of one hundred prints and drawings. There was a retrospective of his prints at the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris in 2008. From June to September 2008 the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum in Madrid hosted another retrospective exhibition of the artist.
Vytautas Janulionis (28 February 1958 – 1 May 2010) was a Lithuanian glass artist. He was born in Klaip?da.
In 1969-1976, he studied at M. K. ?iurlionis secondary art school. He graduated from the Art Institute in Tallinn, in 1981. Since 1981, he taught at Vilnius Academy of Art, Kaunas Art Institute. Since 1988, he was a member of the Lithuanian Artists' Association.
He created distinctive glass and plastic compositions ("Rain" in 1985, "Silent Light" in 2001), indoor public stained glass ("Leaves" company "Sema" in Panevezys in 1988, the Pharmaceutical Museum in Kaunas in 1989, a circus in Tula (Russia), 1991, the Kaunas Regional Archives, 1994, New Apostolic Church in Panevezys, 1999
Since 1983, he participated in exhibitions in Lithuania and abroad, individual exhibitions held in Kaunas in 1994, 2005, in Vilnius in 2005, an international Kanadzavoje 2001 Works to Lithuanian Art Museum, National Museum of Fine Arts ?iurlionis.
Karl Albert Kasten (March 5, 1916 – May 3, 2010) is a painter-printmaker-educator in the San Francisco Bay Area.
Kasten has exhibited in the S?o Paulo Bicentennial and World Print III Traveling Show, as well as the M. H. de Young Museum and California Palace of the Legion of Honor, the Art Institute of Chicago, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, and the Whitney Museum of American Art, among others.
His works are in the collections of the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; the Oakland Art Museum; San Jose Museum of Art; New York Public Library; Museum of Modern Art, New York City; M. H. de Young Memorial Museum; Achenback Collection; Musee des Beaux Arts, Rennes; Auckland City Museum, New Zealand; and the Victoria and Albert Museum, London.
Texts dealing with his work include "Etching" by L. Edmondson, 1973; "Modern Woodcut Techniques" by A. Kurasaki, 1977; "The California Style", by G. McClelland and J. Last, 1985; "Breaking Type, The Art of Karl Kasten" by Susan Landauer.
Dustin Shuler (August 17, 1948 – May 4, 2010) was an American sculptor, best known for a 1989 piece called the Spindle, which consisted of a 50 foot spike with eight cars impaled on it.
Shuler was born in Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania, on August 17, 1948. He worked at the Westinghouse Electric Corp factory during the day while taking night classes in art at Carnegie Institute of Technology, which is now known as Carnegie Mellon University.
Dustin Shuler died of pancreatic cancer at his home in Inglewood, California, on May 4, 2010, at the age of 61. He was survived by his wife, Karen Zindler-Shuler, whom he had married in 1979; brother, Terry; and a sister, Lynn Seng.
Dennis Sharp (30 November 1933 – 6 May 2010) was a British architect, professor, curator, historian, author and editor.
Dennis Sharp studied at Bedford Modern School (1945-1951) and at Luton School of Art (1951-1954). From 1954 to 1957 he studied at the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London and was Leverhulme Research Fellow, School of Architecture, University of Liverpool from 1960-63.
In 1963, he was appointed senior research architect, Civic Trust for the North West, Manchester. In the following year he was Lecturer at the School of Architecture, University of Manchester (1964-1968).
In 1962, he became a correspondent for Architectural Design and editor of Architecture North West.
Appointed Head of History studies at the AA school in 1968, he was later a senior lecturer. He was AA General Editor and founder Editor of AA Quarterly (1968-1982), and member of the AA school's council and an AA Vice president.
In 1969, he set up in practice as part of Atelier St. Albans until 1974. In 1988, he became editor of the journal World Architecture: Journal of the International Academy of Architecture of the IAA - International Academy of Architecture in Sofia, Bulgaria. Since 2000, Dennis Sharp was a correspondent for "L'Architettura" Rome/ London, founded by Bruno Zevi.
Sharp was a guest lecturer at Liverpool University (1959-1968), Manchester University (1959-1968), Columbia University New York (1980), Adelaide University (1984), University of Malta (1968-1970), Helsinki University of Technology (1998), University of Nottingham (1996-1999) and University College London, RCA, North London Polytechnic, Oxford Brookes University, the University of Cambridge, and the University of Sheffield. In 1991, Sharp became a professor at the International Academy of Architecture (IAA) in Sofia, Bulgaria. Sharp participated in the international architecture symposium "Mensch und Raum" (Man and Space) at the Vienna University of Technology (Technische Universit?t Wien) in 1984, which received much international attention. Other participants included Justus Dahinden, Pierre Vago, Bruno Zevi, Jorge Glusberg, Otto Kapfinger, Frei Otto, Paolo Soleri, Ernst Gisel, and Ionel Schein. Since 1977 Sharp was Chairman of the International Committee of Architectural Critics. From 1991 to 1993 he was Vice President of the Royal Institute of British Architects. In 1992 he was a co-founder of the RIBA Architecture Centre and served as its chairman until 1996.
Dennis Sharp was a partner in Dennis Sharp Architects (DSA) in Hertford and London. Projects include the award-winning Strawdance Studio, the renovation of the major Listed Buildings at Royal Ascot Racecourse (with HOK Sport), house conversions in Cambridge and Hertford and the renovation of Foster's Renault Centre Swindon. He was also Co-Chair of DOCOMOMO in UK. Sharp was the author and editor of several books, including Modern Architecture and Exrpessionism", London: Longman,1966, "The Picture Place" London: Evelyn "The Bauhaus", Phaidon, "Twentieth Century Architecture. A Visual History" (4th edition:2002) and The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Architects and Architecture (1991) as well as surveys of the work of Calatrava, Manfredi Nicoletti, England and Kurokawa. Recent publications include the new translation of Hermann Muthesius's The English House', Frances Lincoln, 2007.
Flora Laney Thornton (November 1, 1913 – May 7, 2010) was the widow of Tex Thornton. She was known for her philanthropic activity in the Los Angeles area, including her support of the USC Thornton School of Music (which was re-named in her honor after she contributed $25 million in 1999), the Keck School of Medicine of USC, Pepperdine University, the Walt Disney Concert Hall, the Los Angeles Music Center, and the Los Angeles Opera.
Craig Kauffman (March 31, 1932 – May 9, 2010) was an artist who has exhibited since 1951. Kauffman’s primarily abstract paintings and wall relief sculptures are included in over 20 museum collections, including the Museum of Modern Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Tate Modern, the Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Seattle Art Museum, and the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles.
Rūta Birut? Jokubonien? (14 January 1930 – 14 May 2010) was a Lithuanian textile artist.
In 1954, she graduated from the Lithuanian Institute of Fine Arts where she studied with Bal?ikonis J. Sofia Veiveryt?. In 1954-1962, she worked in a factory in Kaunas, in 1962-1985 at the P. Ziberto silk factory in Kaunas, and in 1985-1990 Restoration Trust for Culture in Vilnius. In 1972-1978, she taught at the Art Institute of Kaunas, Lithuanian Department of the west.
She created more than 250 multi-purpose fabrics. The first in Lithuania to create a new composition of silk fabrics, they are characterized by rhythmic harmony of subtle colors.
Her work has been acquired by museums in Vilnius and Kaunas, P.M. Tretjakovo Gallery in Moscow.
Shusaku Arakawa (荒川 修作 Arakawa Shūsaku?, July 6, 1936 – May 18, 2010) was a Japanese artist and architect. He had a personal and artistic partnership with writer and artist Madeline Gins that spanned more than four decades.
Howard Post (November 2, 1926 – May 21, 2010), aka Howie Post, was an American animator, cartoonist and comic strip and comic book writer and artist.
Alejandro López de Haro Ramirez. (January 8, 1949 – May 24, 2010) was a Venezuelan photographer, writer and stockbroker. He held a Bachelor of Science in business from Bryant College and an MBA in Finance from New York University.
After founding and managing Bancalf, an investment bank and brokerage house, in Caracas, Venezuela for twenty years López de Haro eventually sold his company and retired to Paris, France and Madrid, Spain. Here he dedicated most of his time to photography and writing. His writings have been published in Analitica Venezuela and the topics usually had to do with the arts and politics. In 1997 he was admitted into the British Institute of Professional Photography until he decided to dedicate himself to art photography rather than more commercial photography. López de Haro worked mostly with platinum prints. In November 2005 his first book of photographs and poems Los Crepúsculos de la Imaginación was published by Lodima Press. Notable buyers of the book have included the Maison Européenne de la Photographie and Karl Lagerfeld's art bookshop Librairie 7L in Paris. Los Crepúsculos de la Imaginación was included in the list of 100 best photography books by PHOTOESPA?A 2008. López de Haro's photographs were exhibited at the National Library of Spain. His photographs have been exhibited in Paris, Los Angeles and Madrid.
His father was Venezuelan businessman Antonio López Fajardo.
Gabriel Bernal Vargas (5 February 1915 – 25 May 2010) was a Mexican painter, artist and cartoonist, whose comic strip La Familia Burrón was created in 1937. This cartoon has been described as one of the most important in Mexican popular culture. Vargas won Mexico's "Premio Nacional de Periodismo" (National Journalism Prize) in 1983 and the "Premio Nacional de Ciencias y Artes en el área de Tradiciones Populares" (National Sciences and Arts Prize) in 2003.
Payut Ngaokrachang (Thai: April 1, 1929 – May 27, 2010) was a Thai cartoonist and animator. He created Thai cinema's first cel-animated feature film, The Adventure of Sudsakorn. The Thai Short Film & Video Festival has the Payut Ngaokrachang prize for animation. The award is a medallion designed by Payut.
While feature-length animated features are rare in the Thai film industry since The Adventure of Sudsakorn, animation is widely used in Thai television series and in commercials. A 3D animated Sudsakorn series is one such show. In 2006, Thailand's first computer-animated feature film, Khan Kluay, about King Naresuan the Great's war elephant, was released. It was directed by Kompin Kemgunerd, who has worked on such Disney features as Atlantis: The Lost Empire and Tarzan, and Blue Sky Studios' Ice Age. Although the work is being done on computers, Kompin has faced many of the same difficulties in funding and human resources that Payut faced.
A second traditionally animated feature, The Life of Buddha, produced by Wallapa Pimthong, is planned for release on December 5, 2007.
Lester Johnson (January 27, 1919 – May 30, 2010) was an American artist.
As a figurative expressionist and member of the Second Generation of the New York School, painter Lester Johnson remained dedicated to the human figure as means of expression throught the many stylistic changes of his oeuvre.
In New York, Johnson exhibited at the Martha Jackson Gallery, Zabriskie Gallery, Gimpel & Weitzenhoffer, and James Goodman Gallery as well as having been included in group shows at the Guggenheim, The Whitney, Museum of Modern Art, and Metropolitan Museum of Art. He was elected a member to both the American Academy of Arts & Letters and National Academy of Design. His work was most recently shown in both the 2010 Armory Show and 2010 Art Chicago.
Johnson lived and worked in New York City (on the Bowery), Springs, Milford (CT), Greenwich (CT), and Southampton, NY.
Brian Duffy (15 June 1933 – 31 May 2010) was a celebrated English photographer and film producer, best remembered for his fashion photography of the 1960s and 1970s and his creation of the iconic "Aladdin Sane" image for David Bowie.
Louise Joséphine Bourgeois (French pronunciation: [lwiz bu??wa]; 25 December 1911 – 31 May 2010), was a renowned French-American artist and sculptor, best known for her contributions to both modern and contemporary art, and for her spider structures, titled Maman, which resulted in her being nicknamed the Spiderwoman. She is recognized today as the founder of confessional art. In the late 1940s, after moving to New York City with her American husband, Robert Goldwater, she turned to sculpture. Though her works are abstract, they are suggestive of the human figure and express themes of betrayal, anxiety, and loneliness. Her work was wholly autobiographical, inspired by her childhood trauma of discovering that her English governess was also her father’s mistress.
Anthony Lewis DiPreta (July 9, 1921 – June 2, 2010), better known as Tony DiPreta, was an American comic book and comic strip artist active from the 1940s Golden Age of comic books. He was the longtime successor artist of the popular comic strip Joe Palooka (1959–84) and the Rex Morgan, M.D. daily strip from 1994 until DiPreta's retirement in 2000. DiPreta's last known comics credit is A.C.E. Comics' Fantastic Adventures #3 (Oct. 1987), for which he penciled and inked the cover, the four-page humor story "The Score Board Kid" (by writer Jerry DeFuccio), and "The Motor-Man On Wheels!", a six-page DeFuccio profile of DiPreta and the artist's Golden Age character Zippo.
John Hedgecoe (24 March 1932 – 3 June 2010) was an award-winning British photographer and the best-selling author of over 30 books on photography. He established the photography department in 1965 at the Royal College of Art, where he was Professor from 1975 to 1994 and was Professor Emeritus until his death. His photographs appear in permanent collections at the New York Museum of Modern Art and London's National Portrait Gallery.
Omar Rayo (20 January 1928 – 7 June 2010) was a Colombian painter, sculptor, caricaturist and plastic artist. He won the 1970 Salón de Artistas Colombianos. Rayo worked with abstract geometry primarily employing black, white and red. He was part of the Op Art movement. Rayo's work shows that geometric art is as much a part of the past as it is of the future. He used traces of the past to discover new ways to present visual and geometric sketches.
One of his most celebrated exhibitions was carried out in the National Room of the Museum of the Palace of fine arts of Mexico, titled "20 years, 100 works: Omar Rayo." The Museo Rayo de Dibujo y Grabado Latinoamericano was founded on January 20, 1981 by Rayo in his hometown of Roldanillo, Valle del Cauca with funds the artist himself provided, along with help from Colombian government agencies and others so that on this site would remain a permanent exhibit of his works of art. The museum was designed by Mexican architect Leopoldo Gout and opened with a collection of 2,000 of Rayo's artwork and some 500 other Latin American artists' works. The museum contains a library, many modules for expositions, a graphic arts workshop and a theater. Sigmar Polke (13 February 1941 – 10 June 2010) was a German painter and photographer.
Alfonso "Al" Williamson (March 21, 1931 – June 12, 2010) was an American cartoonist, comic book artist and illustrator specializing in adventure, Western and science-fiction/fantasy. He spent much of his early childhood in Bogotá, Colombia before moving back to the United States at the age of 12. In his youth, Williamson developed an interest in comic strips, particularly Alex Raymond's Flash Gordon. He took art classes at Burne Hogarth's Cartoonists and Illustrators School, there befriending future cartoonists Wally Wood and Roy Krenkel, who introduced him to the work of illustrators who had influenced adventure strips. Before long, he was working professionally in the comics industry. His most notable works include his science-fiction/heroic fantasy art for EC Comics in the 1950s, on titles including Weird Science and Weird Fantasy. In the 1960s, he gained recognition for continuing Raymond's illustrative tradition with his work on the Flash Gordon comic-book series, and was a seminal contributor to the Warren Publishing's black-and-white horror comics magazines Creepy and Eerie. Williamson spent most of the 1970s working on his own credited strip, another Raymond creation, Secret Agent X-9. The following decade, he became known for his work adapting Star Wars films to comic books and newspaper strips. From the mid-1980s to 2003, he was primarily active as an inker, mainly on Marvel Comics superhero titles starring such characters as Daredevil, Spider-Man, and Spider-Girl. Williamson is known for his collaborations with a group of artists including Frank Frazetta, Roy Krenkel, Angelo Torres, and George Woodbridge, which was affectionately known as the "Fleagle Gang". Williamson has been cited as a stylistic influence on a number of younger artists, and encouraged many, helping such newcomers as Berni Wrightson and Mike Kaluta break into the business. He has won several industry awards, and six career-retrospective books about him have been published since 1998. Living in Pennsylvania with his wife Corina, Williamson retired in his seventies. Williamson was inducted into the Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame in 2000.
Thomas Scharman Buechner (pronounced BEAK-ner; September 25, 1926 – June 13, 2010) was an aspiring artist who turned to working at museums, who became the founding director of the Corning Museum of Glass and director of the Brooklyn Museum, where he oversaw a major transformation in its operation and displays. Buechner was born in Manhattan on September 25, 1926. He was raised in Bronxville, New York and attended the Lawrenceville School in Lawrence Township, Mercer County, New Jersey. After completing high school he was assigned to attend a training program at Princeton University as part of his service in the United States Navy. After completing his military service he spent a year working for the Puerto Rico tourism board so that he could learn the Spanish language. He came back to New York City, working as a night elevator operator at the Plaza Hotel while he studied at the Art Students League of New York. He studied at the école des Beaux-Arts in Paris and under M.M. van Dantzig in Amsterdam. After studying painting in Europe, he returned to the United States and took a position as an assistant manager at the Metropolitan Museum of Art as a way to have a career in art without being an artist.
Joseph Maurice "Joe" Deal (August 12, 1947 – June 18, 2010) was an American photographer who specialized in depicting how the landscape was transformed by people. Deal was born in Topeka, Kansas on August 12, 1947, and was raised in Albany, Missouri and St. Paul, Minnesota. He attended the Kansas City Art Institute, where he earned a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree. After his graduation in 1970, he was designated as a conscientious objector by the local draft board and was assigned to work as a guard and janitor at the George Eastman House in Rochester, New York, and its museum of photography. He later earned a master's degree in photography and a Master of Fine Arts degree from the University of New Mexico.
While working on his thesis for his MFA degree in the 1970s Deal started teaching at the University of California, Riverside, where he helped establish the UCR/California Museum of Photography. In 1989, he became dean of the School of Art at Washington University in St. Louis. He was named to serve as provost of the Rhode Island School of Design in Providence, Rhode Island 1999, and lived there for the remainder of his life. In the mid-1970s, Deal was one of eight photographers chosen to participate in the "New Topographics: Photographs of a Man-Altered Landscape" exhibition curated by William Jenkins at the Eastman House's International Museum of Photography. Deal contributed 18 black and white photographs to the exhibit in a 32 cm × 32 cm format. Many of the photographs Deal submitted featured homes newly constructed against the desolate landscape of the American Southwest.
He continued photographing man's effect on the landscape in "The Fault Zone", which featured images combining human and geologic effects on the area surrounding the San Andreas Fault. "Subdividing the Inland Basin" featured suburban areas east of Los Angeles and "Beach Cities" focused on Pacific Ocean communities in Southern California. "West and West: Reimagining the Great Plains" featured photographs of the grid pattern of much of the Midwestern United States and was on exhibit at the University of Arizona's Center for Creative Photography in Tucson, Arizona after opening at the Rhode Island School of Design and being presented at New York City's Robert Mann Gallery. A ten year resident of Providence, Rhode Island, Deal died at a hospice there due to bladder cancer at age 62 on June 18, 2010. He is survived by his wife, Betsy Sara Ruppa, and a daughter, Meredith Deal.
Bogdan Bogdanovi? (Serbian Cyrillic: Богдан Богданови?; 20 August 1922 ? 18 June 2010) was a Serbian architect, urbanist and essayist. He taught architecture at the University of Belgrade, where he also served as dean. Bogdanovi? wrote numerous articles about urbanism, especially about its mythic and symbolic aspects, some of which appeared in international journals such as (El País, Svenska Dagbladet, Die Zeit, etc.). He was also involved in politics, as a partisan in World War II, later as mayor of Belgrade. When Slobodan Milo?evi? rose to power and nationalism gained ground in Yugoslavia, Bogdanovi? became a dissident.
His main works are monuments built in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In particular, the monumental concrete sculpture in Jasenovac gained international attention.
Paul Thiebaud (October 10, 1960 – June 19, 2010) was an American art dealer who owned two influential galleries, one in New York City and the other in San Francisco. Although he showed the work of his father, the noted pop painter Wayne Thiebaud, he also exhibited the work of a whole host of lesser known artists whom he felt it was his role to bring to a wider public audience. His elder sister is the actress, model and writer Twinka Thiebaud, his mother Betty is a filmmaker and his brother Matthew is an artist as well.
Bill Hudson (August 20, 1932 – June 24, 2010) was an American photojournalist for the Associated Press who was best known for his photographs taken in the Southern United States during the civil rights era. The depictions of police brutality against peaceful protesters that were seen in his widely-published photographs help push public support towards the civil rights movement. Hudson was born in Detroit on August 20, 1932. He began his career as a photographer while serving in the United States Army during the Korean War. After leaving military service, he worked as a photographer at the Press-Register of Mobile, Alabama and The Chattanooga Times.
Akira Nakamura (中村粲, Nakamura Akira?) (24 April 1934 – 26 June 2010) was a Japanese historian and scholar of English literature born on Showa 9 (1934) at Tokyo. A representative of Showashi Research Institute.
Douglas Dean Ohlson (November 18, 1936 – June 29, 2010) was an American abstract artist who specialized in geometric patterns. Ohlson was born on November 18, 1936, in Cherokee, Iowa and attended Bethel College before serving in the United States Marine Corps. After completing his military service, he attended the University of Minnesota, where he was awarded a degree in studio art in 1961. He moved to New York City, where he studied at Hunter College under abstract sculptor Tony Smith, but dropped out when he could no longer afford tuition. He worked as an assistant to Smith and started teaching at Hunter College in 1964.Ohlson's early work was included in an exhibit organized by art historian E. C. Goossen at the Hudson River Museum titled "8 Young Artists" in 1964, and had a solo show that year at the Fischbach Gallery, the first of seven at that location. Goossen also included work by Ohlson in the 1968 exhibition "The Art of the Real: 1948-1968" at the Museum of Modern Art which focused on the development and history of geometric art in the United States. Sharply defined and repeated geometric shapes were characteristic of his earliest painting, that were described by Goossen as depicting "yellowish pink and green dawns, blue noons, and red-orange sunsets that swiftly slide from purple to black", hypothesizing that Ohlson's experience growing up and working long days on the family's farm gave him a unique passion for color. Ohlson was recognized with a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1968. His works in the 1970s and 1980s, often featured at Susan Caldwell Inc., had characteristically rougher backgrounds. His later work was displayed in numerous solo exhibitions at the Andre Zarre Gallery, in addition to surveys of his work at Bennington College and at Hunter College, where he taught for 35 years. His works are included in the collections of the Brooklyn Museum, the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Whitney Museum of American Art.
Rudolf Leopold (March 1, 1925 – June 29, 2010) was an Austrian art collector, whose collection of 5,000 works of art was purchased by the Government of Austria and used to create the Leopold Museum, of which he was made director for life. Claims had been made by Jewish survivors of the Holocaust that some of the pieces in the collection were Nazi plunder and should be returned to their rightful owners.
Bruno C?té (August 10, 1940 – June 30, 2010) was a contemporary Canadian landscape painter.
Albert Reynolds Morse (October 20, 1914 – August 15, 2000) was an American businessman and philanthropist. His wife, Eleanor Reese Morse (October 21, 1912 – July 1, 2010) was also an American philanthropist. They founded the Salvador Dalí Museum in St.Petersburg, Florida.
Aurelio Macchi (27 January 1916 – 1 July 2010) was an Argentine sculptor. He graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts (Academia de Bellas Artes) in 1938, and worked as an assistant to José Fioravanti. Macchi's work was primarily displayed in the United States and Europe, but also the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes in Buenos Aires incorporated one of his work, only four years before his death. His used mostly wood and metal for his work. In addition to his individual work, he was also a teacher, and greatly influenced several generations of Argentine sculptors.
Arnold Friberg (December 21, 1913 – July 1, 2010) was an American illustrator and painter noted for his religious and patriotic works. He is perhaps best known for his 1975 painting The Prayer at Valley Forge, a depiction of George Washington praying at Valley Forge. He is also well known for his 15 "pre-visualization" paintings for the Cecil B. DeMille film The Ten Commandments which were used to promote the film worldwide and for which he received an Academy Award nomination. He has been admitted as a lifetime member of the Royal Society of Arts. He also did a series of paintings depicting scenes from the Book of Mormon for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Stephen Kanner (1955 – July 2, 2010) was an American modern architect who co-founded the A+D Museum of Los Angeles in 2000. Kanner was born in 1955 in Chandler, Arizona, but raised in the Mandeville Canyon neighborhood in Los Angeles. His grandfather, I. Herman Kanner, founded the family's business, Kanner Architects, in 1946. Kanner's father, Chuck Kanner, an architect who served in the United States Air Force, became head of Kanner Architects in 1953 following Herman Kanner's death. Kanner received both his bachelor's degree and master's degree in architecture from a combined program at the University of California, Berkeley in 1980. Kanner joined Kanner Architects in 1983 after the family business was commissioned to design the courthouse in East Los Angeles. The firm was headed by Kanner's father, modernist architect Chuck Kanner, until his death in 1998, when Stephen Kanner became head of the company. Kanner designed his own home in Pacific Palisades. His most recent projects included the Metro Hollywood Transit Village on Hollywood Boulevard, a lower income housing complex located at 26th Street and Santa Monica Boulevard; and the conversion of a commercial building into a luxury apartment building in Hollywood called Sunset Vine Tower.
The Los Angeles Times described Kanner as "something of an outlier among architects of his generation for the sheer volume and range of his output." Later projects were influenced by postmodernism and Pop art, including a 2009 United Oil station at La Brea and Slauson evoking a stack interchange and an In-N-Out restaurant in Westwood, California.
Kanner died from cancer at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center on July 2, 2010, at the age of 54.
An exhibit featuring Kanner's designs was featured at the Architecture and Design Museum, Los Angeles in 2010 and 2011.
Carlo Aymonino (18 July 1926 – 3 July 2010) was an Italian architect and urban planner best known for the Gallaretese housing complex in Milan.
Kristofer Leirdal (15 December 1915 – 6 July 2010) was a Norwegian sculptor. He received his education at the Norwegian National Academy of Craft and Art Industry from 1936 to 1938, and later at the Norwegian National Academy of Fine Arts between 1938 and 1940. Leirdal is especially noted for his sculptural contributions to the restoration of the Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim. In 1997 he was made Knight, First Class, of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav.
Günter Behnisch (June 12, 1922 – July 12, 2010) was a German architect, born in Lockwitz, near Dresden. He was one of the most prominent architects representing deconstructivism.
Günter Behnisch studied architecture at the Technical University in Stuttgart. One of his most notable buildings was the new parliament in the West German capital, Bonn. Although he won the architectural design competition in 1973, the construction only began in 1987, and was completed in 1992. He established his own architecture practice in Stuttgart in 1952, which in 1966 became Behnisch & Partner. His son Stefan Behnisch established a separate firm, Behnisch Architekten in 1989.
Nicolas Carone (June 4, 1917 – July 15, 2010) belonged to the early generation of New York School Abstract Expressionist artists whose artistic innovation by the 1950s had been recognized across the Atlantic, including Paris. New York School Abstract Expressionism, represented by Jackson Pollock, Willem De Kooning, Franz Kline, Conrad Marca-Relli and others became a leading art movement of the postwar era.
Marichal was born on February 2, 1922, in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain. He moved with his family to Madrid in 1935. However, he soon relocated to both Valencia and Barcelona before attending school in Paris, France. He graduated from French lycee in Casablanca, French Morocco, near the end of the Spanish Civil War. In 1941, Marichal boarded a ship with other exiles from the Spanish Civil War and sailed from Casablanca to Mexico at just 19 years old. He enrolled at the National Autonomous University of Mexico, where he studied literature and philosophy. He worked at a box factory as a student to pay for his tuition. Marichal became a professor at Luis Vives Institute, an organization in Mexico founded by Spaniard exiles. He moved to the United States, where he enrolled as a doctoral student at Princeton University in New Jersey due to a scholarship obtained for him by Edmundo O'Gorman, a Mexican historian and philosopher. Marichal received his doctorate in literature from Princeton University in 1949. Marichal taught literature at Harvard University in Massachusetts after obtaining his doctorate, where his courses, which focused on Spain and the Spanish-language, included El Cid. He later spent more than 10 years writing his most famous work, The Complete Works of Manuel Aza?a, a Spanish politician. He also published the writings and works of his father-in-law, Spanish poet Pedro Salinas, Three Voices of Pedro Salinas, in 1976. Marichal was a recipient of the Spain National Prize in Literature in 1996 for his work as a historian and was awarded the Canary Prize for Literature in 1987.
Juan Marichal died on August 9, 2010, at his home in Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico, at the age of 88. His death was announced by the regional government of the Canary Islands. He was predeceased by his wife, Solita, the daughter of poet Pedro Salinas. The couple had one son.
Robin Warwick Gibson, OBE (3 May 1944 – 9 August 2010) was a British gallery curator and art historian best known for his work at the National Portrait Gallery in London between 1968 and 2001, including eight years as Chief Curator. He was responsible for many innovations in the management of the gallery and published a number of significant academic works on the gallery's collections during his career.
Shirley Lavinia Thomson, CC, OOnt (née Cull) (February 19, 1930 – August 10, 2010) was a Canadian civil servant. Born in St Marys, Ontario, she received a B.A. degree in history in 1952 from the University of Western Ontario. In 1974 she received a M.A. degree in art history from the University of Maryland, College Park. In 1981 she received a Ph.D. degree in art history from McGill University. From 1982 until 1985 she was Director of the McCord Museum in Montreal. From 1985 until 1987 she was Secretary-General of the Canadian Commission for UNESCO. From 1987 until 1997 she was Director of the National Gallery of Canada. From 1998 until 2002 she was Director of the Canada Council for the Arts. In 2003 she was appointed Chair of the Canadian Cultural Property Export Review Board. On the night of August 10, 2010, Thomson died of a heart attack.
Rallis Kopsidis (Greek: Ρ?λλη? Κοψ?δη?, 1929 – 14 August 2010) is a Greek painter and writer from Lemnos, Greece. His two books Κ?στρο ηλι?καστρο (Athens, 1980, published by Τεχνικα? Εκδ?σει? ΕΠΕ) and Το τετρ?διο του γυρισμο? (Athens, 1987, published by Σ?γχρονη Εποχ?) are illustrated by himself and set forth his childhood memories from Myrina, Lemnos, from the 1930s and 1940s. He died in 2010.
David Joseph Weber (December 20, 1940 – August 20, 2010) was an American historian whose research focused on the history of the Southwestern U.S. and its transition from Spanish and Mexican control to becoming part of the United States, a field of study that had largely been ignored, as “United States historians saw the field as part of Latin American history and ignored it", while "Latin American historians regarded it as belonging to the history of the United States, and likewise gave it short shrift." Weber was born on December 20, 1940, in Buffalo, New York. He was raised in Cheektowaga, New York and attended the State University of New York at Fredonia. Though he had initially planned to major in music, a course in the History of Latin America led him to change his mind, and he graduated in 1962 with a bachelor's degree in social sciences. He majored in Latin American history at the University of New Mexico, earning a master's degree in 1964 and a doctorate in 1967 with the dissertation The Taos Trappers: The Fur Trade in the Far Southwest, 1540-1846. Weber joined the faculty of San Diego State University in 1967 and taught at the Universidad de Costa Rica in 1970, lecturing in Spanish, as part of the Fulbright Program. He was hired in 1976 by Southern Methodist University, where he established the William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies. Among the more than 20 books he authored on the subject, his 1982 book The Mexican Frontier, 1821-1846: The American Southwest Under Mexico and in his 1992 book The Spanish Frontier in North America, Weber filled in many of the missing details about the Spanish conquest and its effects on Native Americans, and explored the growth of the Anglo population in areas that would later become parts of the United States. William J. Cronon of the University of Wisconsin, Madison called him "probably the single most important scholar of Spanish borderland history in North America in the second half of the 20th century", saying that "There is no one to compare with him in terms of original scholarship or sweeping synthesis." Benjamin Johnson of SMU said that "he was at least a generation ahead of his time in recognizing how entwined Mexico and the United States were and are". He was recognized by the Spanish government with the Real Orden de Isabel la Católica (Order of Isabella the Catholic) and by the Mexican government with the Order of the Aztec Eagle in 2005, the highest honor that each nation awards to foreigners. He was inducted as a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2007 and was a member of the Academia Mexicana de la Historia and was president of the Western History Association in 1990 and 1991.
Weber continued to teach and advise students even while he was undergoing chemotherapy, teaching classes through the spring 2010 semester. A resident of Dallas and Ramah, New Mexico, Weber died due to complications of multiple myeloma at age 69 on August 20, 2010, in Gallup, New Mexico. He was survived by his wife, the former Carol S. Bryant, as well as by a daughter, a son and three grandchildren.
Raymond (Ray) Hawkey (2 February 1930 – 22 August 2010) in Plymouth was an English graphic designer and author based in London.
Kihachirō Kawamoto (川本 喜八郎 Kawamoto Kihachirō?, January 11, 1925 – August 23, 2010) was a Japanese designer and maker of puppets, an animator, writer and director of independently-made stop motion films and president of the Japan Animation Association, succeeding founder Osamu Tezuka, from 1989 until his own death. He is best-remembered in Japan as designer of the puppets for the long-running NHK live action television series of the Romance of the Three Kingdoms in the early 1980s and The Tale of the Heike in the 1990s but better-known internationally for his own animated short films, the majority of which are model animation but which also include the cutout animation Tabi and Shijin no Shōgai and mixed media, French-language Farce anthropo-cynique. Since beginning his career in his early twenties as a production design assistant under So Matsuyama in the art department of Toho in 1946, he met Tadasu Iizawa and left the film studio in 1950 to collaborate with him on illustrating children's literature with Photographs of dolls in dioramas, many of which have been republished in English editions by such American publishers as Grosset & Dunlap and Western Publishing's Golden Books imprint, and trained in the art of stop motion filmmaking under Tadahito Mochinaga and, later, Ji?í Trnka. He is also closely associated with Tadanari Okamoto, another independent with whom he collaborated in booking private halls in which to show their films to the public as the "Puppet Animashow" in the 1970s and whose last film, The Restaurant of Many Orders (注文の多い料理店, Chūmon no ōi Ryōriten?, 1991) was completed under Kawamoto following Okamoto's death during its production.
Corinne Day (19 February 1962 – 27 August 2010), was a British fashion photographer, documentary photographer, and former fashion model. Day used Kate Moss as the model in an eight-page fashion story for The Face, in July 1990. The story showcased garments by Romeo Gigli, Joseph Tricot, Ralph Lauren, and a feather head-dress from the now-defunct Covent Garden boutique World. The photographs, which include one depicting Moss topless and another in which it is implied that she was naked, are some of the first published fashion photographs of Moss, who was sixteen at the time (since 2003, following the Sexual Offences Act, designates that those under eighteen are protected and defined as children). In 1993, Day photographed Moss for the cover of British Vogue—a cover that has become associated with defining the 'waif' look that became pervasive in fashion culture, in the early 1990s.
In 2006, Day had a solo exhibition of her photographs at Gimpel fils gallery in London.
In 2007, Day was commissioned to photograph Kate Moss by the National Portrait Gallery. Discussing the shoot, Day Said, "I suggested to Kate that we have a conversation about a serious subject. The subject she chose to talk about revealed her true feelings and in turn defined her character." On 7 August 2009, an article on models.com reported that Day had been diagnosed with a life threatening brain tumor. Moss and others, raised more than ￡100,000 by selling photographic prints—in a campaign they titled 'Save the Day'—in order that Day receive Insulin Potentiation Therapy Low Dose or IPTLD chemotherapy in Arizona, USA. Day returned to England where, from February 2010 until her death on 27 August 2010 from complications related to the tumor, she was "gravely ill". Writing in The Daily Telegraph, in late August 2010, Belinda White said, "Corinne opened the door for a whole generation of photographers, designers, models and stylists who suddenly saw that the fashion industry didn’t have to be this exclusive club for the privileged and perfect."
Sir Colville Herbert Sanford Barclay, 14th Baronet (7 May 1913 – 1 September 2010) was a British naval officer, painter and botanist whose career spanned amphibious landings and commando operations off the coast of France during the Second World War, having his paintings exhibited at the Royal Academy, publishing reference works about the flora of Crete and taking commissions to obtain plant samples from across the world for the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
David Bushnell (May 14, 1923 – September 3, 2010) was an American academic and Latin American historian who has been called "The Father of the Colombians." Bushnell, one of the first Americans to study Colombia, was considered one of the world's leading experts on the history of Colombia. He regarded it as one of the least studied countries in Latin America by academic scholars in the United States and Europe, and was considered the first American historian to study and introduce Colombian history as an academic field in the United States.
Ludvig Eikaas (20 December 1920 – 5 September 2010) was a Norwegian painter, graphic artist and sculptor. Eikaas was among the first artists in Norway to work in a purely non-figurative idiom.
William H. Goetzmann (July 20, 1930 – September 7, 2010) was an award-winning historian and emeritus professor in the American Studies and American Civilization Programs at the University of Texas at Austin. He attended Yale University as a graduate student and was friends with Tom Wolfe while there. His work on the American West won him the highest prizes for historians, the Parkman Prize and the Pulitzer Prize. He has written and published extensively on American philosophy, American political history, and the American arts. An advocate for the importance of history as a public discussion, he has served in various capacities in television and film production, notably for PBS. He was most recently the Jack S. Blanton, Sr., Chair Emeritus in History and American Studies. His last book published during his lifetime was Beyond the Revolution: A History of American Thought From Paine to Pragmatism (2009).
B?rbel Bohley (24 May 1945 – 11 September 2010) was an East German opposition figure and artist. In 1983 she was expelled from the GDR artists federation (VBK) and was banned from travelling abroad or exhibiting her work in East Germany. She was accused of having contacts to the West German Green Party. In 1985 she was one of the co-founders of the Initiative for Peace and Human Rights. In 1988 she was arrested during a demonstration and expelled from the DDR. She was given a six-month visa to the United Kingdom, and she returned to East Germany that August. In 1989 she was one of the founders of New Forum. After the unification of Germany in 1990 she was involved in several court trials because she publicly proclaimed Gregor Gysi to have been a Stasi informer. Bohley spent several days in prison because she would neither publicly retract the statement nor pay a fine. One of her later projects was a group help project near Sarajevo, where she put great effort into building homes in order to enable refugees to return after the armed conflicts in Bosnia-Hercegovina. B?rbel Bohley died on 11 September 2010 of lung cancer.
Wesley Duke Lee (S?o Paulo, December 21, 1931 - S?o Paulo, September 12, 2010) was a Brazilian painter. Lee was grandson of Americans and Portugueses and started his learning of Art in the Drawing course of S?o Paulo Museum of Art, in 1951. In the following year, he moves to the United States to study in the Parsons and in the AIGA, in New York, until 1955. Then, he knew the works of Robert Rauschenberg, Jasper Johns, Cy Twombly and the Pop art in general. Back to Brazil, Lee quit the Advertising career and studied painting with Karl Plattner, joining Plattner in a trip to Italy and Austria until 1960. Lee also travels to Paris, where he attends classes in the Académie de la Grande Chaumière and in the atelier of Johnny Friedlaender. After returning to Brazil, in 1963, Lee begins to work with young artists and performs the happening O Grande Espetáculo das Artes ("The Great Spectacle of Arts" in Portuguese) at the Jo?o Sebasti?o Bar, in S?o Paulo. That was considered one of the most pioneer happenings in Brazil. With Maria Cecília, Bernardo Cid, Otto Stupakoff and Pedro Manuel Gismondi, among others, he tries to establish a group dedicated to Magic realism. In 1966, he joined a group named "Grupo Rex" but it lasted only until 1967. Lee died on September 12, 2010, in S?o Paulo, at the age 78, due to pulmonary aspiration and cardiac arrest.
Varnette Patricia Honeywood (December 27, 1950 – September 12, 2010) was an American painter, writer, and businesswoman whose paintings and collages depicting African American life hung on walls in interior settings for The Cosby Show after Camille and Bill Cosby had seen her art and started collecting some of her works. Her paintings also appeared on television on the Cosby Show spin-off A Different World, as well as on the TV series Amen and 227.
Honeywood was born on December 27, 1950, in Los Angeles, where she studied art as a teenager at the Chouinard Art Institute. Her parents, Stepney and Lovie Honeywood, were elementary school teachers who had come to California from Louisiana and Mississippi. Honeywood earned her undergraduate degree in Art in 1972 from Spelman College in Atlanta, the first historically black female school of higher education in the United States. She earned her master's degree from the University of Southern California in 1974, where she majored in education. As part of a community outreach program conducted by USC, Honeywood used her educational training to teach multicultural arts and crafts programs to minority children in the public schools. Her work, influenced by such artists as Romare Bearden and Jacob Lawrence showed black Americans in everyday life, in family and social settings. The time she spent visiting relatives in the South during her childhood, her college experience at Spelman and a 1977 trip to Nigeria all provided themes for her paintings. She and her sister Stephanie established the greeting-card company Black Lifestyles with cards showing her brightly colored portraits depicting the daily life of African Americans, making it the first such company specializing in black themes. Camille Cosby discovered Honeywood's work on note cards and she and her husband Bill Cosby started collecting her works. This led to the inclusion of Honeywood's artwork, including her 1974 painting "Birthday", on the walls of the Huxtable living room on the set of The Cosby Show. She had been asked to create a painting to be included for the show's pilot and different examples of her paintings were cycled through during the show's run. She later created a mural as a backdrop for Cosby's television series Kids Say the Darndest Things, and her art appeared in the television series Amen, 227 and A Different World. She worked together with Bill Cosby to create the characters and illustrations in the 12 books in the series, which became the basis for the Nick Jr. series Little Bill. Cosby credited Honeywood with the positive depictions of African American life in which "you can see teenagers doing homework, a family cooking a meal, girls doing their hair", rather than showing "segregation, starving and homelessness". Honeywood died at age 59 on September 12, 2010, in Los Angeles after fighting cancer for two years.
Ralph Tracy "Ted" Coe (August 27, 1929, Cleveland, Ohio – September 14, 2010, Santa Fe, New Mexico) was a notable art collector and scholar, best known for developing modern appreciation of Native American art. "He was kind of the beginning player, enormously significant in the growth of appreciation of Native American art in the 20th century", noted a curator from the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Bettie Cillers-Barnard (18 November 1914 – 15 September 2010) was a South African abstract artist, generally known for her large canvases of birds in flight. She was also the mother of well-known South African actress Jana Cilliers. Cilliers-Barnarnd was born in Rustenburg, Transvaal on November 18, 1914. She started painting in the late 1930s and over the years kept experimenting with colour, lines, abstraction and figurative abstractions. In the 1970s, birds unexpectedly started appearing in her work – which could be described as part of her earthly symbolism. She referred to this work as her "flights of the spirit". Since 1946 Dr Ciliers-Barnard’s works have been shown in seventy solo exhibitions in South Africa as well as in Paris (paintings 1956), London (graphic art 1971), and at the Prestiges Invitation Exhibition at the Taipei Fine Arts museum in Taiwan (painting and graphic art 1987). Her South African graphic art exhibitions abroad have included Austria, Germany, Spain, Greece and Israel to name a few. Her tapestries, paintings, and murals in oils have been commissioned both for public collections and for museum- and private collections in South Africa and abroad. Most recently in 1992 she painted "Vision" for the Pretoria Eye Institute and some of her other commissions including the painting "Flight" for South African Airways, 1983, the tapestry "Guardian Angel of the Arts" for t he State Theatre of Pretoria, 1981, and her mural in oils "Mensa sana corpore sano" for the Department of Health in Pretoria, 1980. Two retrospective exhibitions of her work followed: Pretoria Art Museum 1995 and the SASOL Art Museum 1996. A book on the life and work of Bettie Cilliers-Barnard, by the art historian Prof Muller Ballot, was launched in 1996. In 2004, she exhibited new work for the last time at Colour as Language, an exhibition which also included older work (1937 to 1961) from her family’s private collection.
Ballot says the following about her work: 'The artist’s current period of consolidated themes stems from the principle of joining and linking all kinds of existing and new motifs. In this way new contexts and new content are created. There is at l east one central message which appears in the works of this period. This is certainly related to the artist’s serious search for a reconciliation of earthly and transcendental perspectives on human existence. Her reaching out to esoteric horizons, to the boundaries of time and space, which have fascinated her from an early stage, still seeks fulfillment in the symbolic values of the human figure. Sometimes these occur with, for example, strange alien beings, primeval animal forms, arrows and sharp triangular shapes.' Stephan Welz, art expert and executive director of Strauss & Co, believes Cilliers-Barnard's work doesn’t fetch very high prices currently "because she is part of the forgotten generation who experienced the worst of the cultural isolation during apartheid."
Cilliers-Barnard worked especially at night – "because the night doesn't have shadows", she maintained.
Helen "Elena" Escobedo (July 28, 1934 - September 16, 2010) was a Mexican sculptor and installation artist. Her career as an artist spanned more than fifty years. Escodebo unveiled projects throughout the world, including Mexico, Latin America, the United Kingdom, the United States, Israel and New Zealand. Escobado was born on July 28, 1934, in Mexico City to a Mexican father and an English mother. She received a bachelor's degree in humanities. Escobado earned her master's degree in sculpture from the Royal College of Art in London. Her first solo art show was held at the Galleria de Arte Mexicano in 1956. Escabado's first exhibition took place at the Museo de Arte Moderno in 1974. She served as the director of the Museo de Arte Moderno and the Department of Museums and Galleries of the University of Mexico. She was a member of The Royal Academies for Science and the Arts of Belgium. Escobedo was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowhsip in 1990. Helen Escobedo died on September 16, 2010, in Mexico City at the age 76. She maintained homes in Mexico City and Frankfurt, Germany.
Vojteh Ravnikar (4 April 1943 – 17 September 2010) was a Slovenian architect.
Ravnikar began his architectural career in 1978, and designed a number of well-known buildings in Slovenia. His best-known buildings are in the coastal region of the country, and include the town hall of Se?ana, the Piran Hotel in Piran, and the National Theatre in Nova Gorica. Ravnikar won a number of awards, including the 1987 Ple?nik Award (Slovenia's national architecture award), the 2003 Pre?eren Award (Slovenia's national art award), and the 2006 Herder Prize (an international award for achievement in science, art, or literature).
From 1993 until his death, he worked as a professor at the University of Ljubljana. He worked as a guest professor at the University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy (2002), and the University of Trento, Trento, Italy (2004–2005). He died in Golnik near Kranj on 17 September 2010, at the age of 67.
William C. "Bill" Littlejohn (1914 – September 17, 2010) was an American animator and union organizer. Littlejohn worked on both animated shorts and features from the 1930s through to the 1990s. His notable works include the Tom and Jerry shorts, the Peanuts television specials, the Oscar-winning short, "The Hole" (1962), and the Oscar-nominated "A Doonesbury Special" (1977). He has been inducted into the Cartoon Hall of Fame and received the Winsor McCay Award and lifetime achievement awards from the Annie Awards and the UCLA Film and Television Archive. Director Michael Sporn has called Littlejohn "an animation 'God'."
Littlejohn was also co-founded and served as the first president of the Screen Cartoonists Guild Local #852 in 1938. He led the effort to gain recognition for the union at the major Hollywood animation studios. When Walt Disney refused to negotiate with the union and fired 16 pro-union artists, Littlejohn led the union in the 1941 Disney animators strike. The strike lasted nine weeks and resulted in Disney's recognition of the union, substantial salary increases, a 40-hour work week and screen credits. The Disney strike has been recognized as a watershed moment in the movement to unionize the animation industry. Littlejohn was also an active advocate for the art of animation. He was a co-founder of ASIFA-Hollywood in 1957 and of the International Tournée of Animation in the mid-1960s. He also served on the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Board of Governors representing short films and animation from 1988 to 2001.
Walter Womacka (22 December 1925 – 18 September 2010) was a German Socialist Realist artist. Womacka was born in Obergeorgenthal, Czechoslovakia. He lived in East Berlin for most of his life, and was the head of the School of Art and Design Berlin-Weissensee from 1968 until 1988. In the post-war rebuilding of Berlin, he designed many large public artworks including stained glass windows using the gemmail technique and large external murals in mosaic. These artworks showing the socialist ideal of "ordinary people" contributing to society are found decorating the buildings of government departments and factories. The Haus des Lehrers ("House of Teachers"- Education Department) on Alexanderplatz in the centre of East Berlin is decorated with a frieze showing the benefits of education. This work has recently been fully restored after many years of neglect. Womacka's designs have also been used on postage stamps. Womacka died in Berlin, Germany.
George "Elfie" Ballis (August 12, 1925 – September 24, 2010) was an American photographer and activist who advocated on behalf of migrant farm workers in California, and took tens of thousands of photographs documenting the efforts of César Chávez, the Mexican American labor leader who founded the United Farm Workers. Ballis was born on August 12, 1925, and was raised in Faribault, Minnesota. He enlisted in the United States Marine Corps during World War II and served in the South Pacific as a mechanic repairing torpedo bombers. After completing his military service, he earned an undergraduate degree from the University of Minnesota. One of his first jobs was at U.S. Rubber, where a manager told him that he "had to have a U.S. Rubber attitude... ready to go anywhere at anytime" but found that he "didn't have the U.S. Rubber attitude." After his car broke down while he was on vacation in San Francisco, Ballis decided to live there and took a job writing headlines for article in The Wall Street Journal, where he was called in by his boss about his use of creative phrasing. While working as a editor of a labor newspaper in the 1950s, Ballis took a photography course taught by Dorothea Lange, a photographer and photojournalist who had documented the Great Depression in her photos. He started taking pictures on his own, photographing migrant workers and showing the substandard housing and working conditions that they endured, saying "I wanted my photographs to reflect to them the power and dignity they had". Ballis made an effort to familiarize himself with his subjects before taking their pictures, a process by which he was able to take pictures having gained the respect of this he was photographing. Thousands of Ballis's photos captured the efforts of Cesar Chavez to organize Latino workers, leading to the formation of the United Farm Workers. Works by Ballis depicting protests and marches appeared in such publications as Life, Newsweek, Time, The New York Times and The Washington Post. Labor historian Richard Steven Street called Ballis's work "activist photography with a point of view" and credited him as being one of a small number of freelance photographers who brought Chávez the public attention he needed to succeed in his efforts. As director of National Land for People, Ballis opposed a June 1980 decision by the United States Supreme Court that ruled that a 1902 law limiting irrigated farms to 160 acres (65 ha) did not apply in the Imperial Valley. Ballis called the decision "Morally, legally, socially, politically and economically, a bankrupt decision", saying that there were a disproportionate number of large corporate and foreign-owned farms that benefited from federal subsidies for irrigation, and Ballis expressed concern that the ruling could lead to the repeal of such limits in other agricultural areas of California. A resident of Tollhouse, California, Ballis died at age 85 on September 24, 2010, at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Fresno, California, where he had been treated for prostate cancer.
Arne Isacsson (21 March 1917 – 25 September 2010) was one of Sweden's most famous watercolour artists. Studied for Otte Sk?ld 1944-46. Isacsson was born in Ronneby, Sweden. He was the founder of the Gerlesborg School of Fine Art in Gerlesborg, Stockh